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December 15 and the Nuer Self-Defence

By Mayian Tot

August 8, 2014 (SSNA) -- December 15, 2013, fighting break out at the presidential guards military headquarter in Bilpam Juba. It was establish thereafter that the genesis to the fight was brought about when president Kiir orders the commander of the presidential guards. Mej: General Marial Ciennoung to disarm the guards at Joint Integrated Unit [JIU] military barracks.

General Marial Ciennoung executed this high executive orders and assembly the guards at the parade and begin to disarm them.  Simultaneously, while the guards are being disarmed, the Dinka unit is secretly and swiftly being re-armed while the Nuer unit within the guards is not re-armed.

When this top secret conspiracy was exposed, the presidential guards second in command a Nuer by ethnicity physically confronted General Ciennoung to the motives why the Dinka unit is being re-armed while the others are not. This physical confrontation between the two senior commands and the secret re-armament of the Dinka-guards has prompted the Nuer guards to break into armoury’s store and in the process re-armed themselves too like their Dinka comrades thus break- out the fight between the two unit.

Being out-numbered by the other guards but with their fierce warrior hood bravery, the Nuer unit within the Dinka dominated guards had established themselves in full control of the barrack within less than an hour of the fierce fight, forcing the pro-Kiir’s guards to flee in disarray. 

Firmly in full control on the ground of self-defence, the Nuer guards did not advance to attack the presidential palace, airport, radio-television station or other vital governmental institutions as they have no motives to overthrow the incumbent regime at the time rather than to fight in self-defence.

For these Nuer guards at the time, –the fight had nothing to do with the state nor civilians. They believed it was a misunderstanding that led to the bloody confrontation among themselves [the presidential guards] and to them it was not an organised coup d’état to take over the government.

For these reasons the breakaway Nuer force had virtually remained at the military barrack in self-defence awaiting the authority to swiftly intervene and amicably address the incident that led to the infighting within the guards. Their approach was a clear-cut military self-defence and any military logic would dare not sum the above events as military coup d’état in any case possible.

Military science and/or military doctrine would strictly cited the above scenarios as a conscious self-defence and would not agree to president Kiir’s claim of Coup d’état. Of important, the so-called coup d’état was in facts –a self-engineered coup by president Kiir himself and was swiftly executed and implemented by General Marial Ciennoung the head of the presidential guards as these evident proved beyond any reasonable dough.

Nevertheless, while the breakaway army was firmly in control of Bilpam military barracks, the then army Chief of General Staff was venturing on a double dealing tactic, organising the military force and other reinforcement to dislodge the breakaway force from the barracks on one hand. And simultaneously, was communicating with the breakaway forces convincing them that the government will decisively address the incident.

Having been convinced was the biggest grave and fatal mistake that the breakaway forces has ever adhere to.

Because, the following day, a huge military reinforcement armed with tanks and other heavy weaponry launched a gruesome attacks on Bilpam military barrack against the breakaway Nuer unit subsequently dislodging them out of the barrack. Thus began the door-to-door ethnic cleansing of the innocent unarmed Nuer civilians in Juba.

After the barracks assault, the SPLA Kiir’s loyalist, the presidential ethnic militia, the security apparatus and the other organise force swarmed in to Juba neighbourhoods ensuing house-to-house ethnic cleansing to which the Interior Minister called ‘’ clean-up operation’’. Tanks were used to run over houses, unarmed Nuer men identified with their facial marks are rounded up, children women and the aged are delivery executed. Forcing the Nuer civilians to swelled into UNMISS Camps for protection in large numbers.       

These rampaged killing of ritual violence, decimating innocent unarmed civilian of Nuer ethnicity with brutes’ savagery went on for some days in the following suburbs; Jebel, Mia Saba, Lologo, Gudele, Eden, and Newsite, Khor Williams and Mangaten.

Consequently, 10,000 innocent civilians were killed in just a matter of days and to cover up these ritual animosities dead copses were thrown into the river, some burned while others were secretly buried at night during the curfew hours in mass-graves by the security agencies.

It was learned thereafter that the motive for disarming the guards and secretly re-arming the Dinka unit within the presidential guards was an end route mission to arrest Dr Riek Machar Teny and the other entire reformist thus silencing the voice of internal party democratisation, transformation and the overall leadership contest once and for all.  

According to some explanation, Dr Machar and the Nuer ethnicity form the core power bloc that threat Kiir’s overall ethnic-domination. He Kiir therefore had organise and execute this barbaric massacre to remove this perceived threat once and for all. His core plan was to either killed Dr Machar or forces the entire Nuer society including Dr Machar into full submission to his reign of ethnic domination and thereafter rules South Sudan like his personal kingdom.

These kind of dangerous mindsets is the one that continue to bedevil South Sudan with wholesale destruction, killing with impunities with its humanitarian catastrophe. 

Meanwhile, general consensus within the Nuer Community has it that Kiir has made a grave mistake because killing innocents Nuer civilians will not force the Nuer people to submit themselves to his genocidal regime. In facts it has made them to be more determine to fight and defence themselves to the last man.

The genocidal regime must be remained that, historically the Nuer People had neither submitted to the Turks, Egyptian, and/or to the Mahdi’s state with their destructive slave-trading merchant nor did they surrender fully to the Anglo-Egyptian administration.

But, had resisted them all to the point that in January 1929 the Nuer were the first civilians on record to be air-bomb by the Anglo-Egyptian Colonial Government of the then Sudan, ruthlessly using R.A.F /bi-airplane. Machine-gunning –firing on Nuer’s villages killing both domestic animals and peoples so as to force them into submission. But this plan didn’t succeed either.

It goes largely without a dough that ‘’The Nuers’’ were the first and the only people in the whole history of Sudan to have had brought down (bi-airplane) by a traditional hand held tool or weapon known in Nuer language as ‘’WEITH’’ injuring two pilot on the due cause. In short the Nuer had never submitted themselves to become slave to others, never in their entire history.

Anyway, when the horrendous news of Juba December 15 massacre reached Nuer towns, counties and villages. Nuer in SPLA begin to split and defects to SPLM-IO in large numbers and youth begin to take up arms to defence their villages, counties and towns against the genocidal government.

Meanwhile, the SPLM-IO had to effectively organize itself into armed resistance so as to neutralise the state’s ethnic cleansing and fights back in self-defence. This resistance movement was borne and is firmly rooted in the fundamental human right to survival.

The freedom fighters whom had joint the revolution had did [so] not out of ethnic hatred or a quest to dominate other ethnic groups. But because it is their natural human rights to fight back in self-defence.     

The right to self-defence is the right to survive. Self-defence is a natural human reaction to any given threat; be they perceived, real or imagine. That is to say, violence is confront with violence and war is oppose war until such time that the situation warrant either defeat, victory or compromise-able peace treaty. 

The freedom fighters firmly understood that freedom, liberation and human progress are not easily achieved. They’re attained through relentless sacrifice determination and courageous commitments.

Of important, challenges death and setback are part and parcel of any given struggle. In most cases, what is paramount in any struggle is that, the leaders at the forefront commanding the struggle must minimise its error of judgements so as to reduce give away victories at grave human’s cost.

They must learn not to repeat previous mistakes once identified. Moreover, they must also effectively capitalise on their opponent’s weakness thus solidified their political and military strategic strength.

If the genocidal regime thinks that military muscling is the ultimate solution, then so be it. The freedom fighters are more than determine to liberate themselves from the genocidal regime. There is no turning back. It’s not the weapons or how heavily armed you're that win battles. It is how committed and determine you're that secure you victory.

These freedom fighters are undefeatable, and fighting them is not an easy matter. They wield practical combating skills and they marshal these skills to war like a double-edge sword; sharp on offensive and tough on defensive.   

The genocidal regime had used state military arsenals, Cluster bombs and hire foreign mercenaries, such as JEM, SPLM-N, and UPDF only to come fight one ethnic group and yet the freedom fighters remained undefeated.

Mayian Tot is a concern South Sudanese reachable via This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Our Heroine: Mama Rebecca Nyadeng de Mabior

By Bona Kueth Machar

August 7, 2014 (SSNA) -- Behind every strongman, hardworking there is always a strong woman. This is the case with Mama Rebecca Nyadeng de Mabior a wife to our late leader Dr John Garang de Mabior, the founder of our movement SPLM/A in 1983 though there were some other movements formed before then but the SPLM/A became the popular movement when it was formed. Dr John Garang was a brave man, educated, freedom fighter and a leader with unique qualities of leadership and his zeal and sacrifices with his comrades in the high command at the SPLA made us free from Arabs hostage.

Mama Rebecca has attributes similar to other African strongwomen who were behind the successes of their husbands during their struggle for justice and freedom from the colonial in the late 1960s and beyond. Those include Mama Nginda Kenyatta wife to former Kenya president Mzee Jomo Kenyatta and a mother to the current Kenya president Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta, Zineb Jammeh of Gambia,Vivian Wade of Senegal and Salma Kikiwete of Tanzania just to mention a few, this was proven when the Juba Massacre occurred on 15th December, 2013. Mama Rebecca was the only Dinka who spoke with no fear of contradiction and said the following words ‘’ Nuer are being killed in the street of juba simply because of their ethnicity, Kiir special army are looking for them from house to house and killed them like dogs’’, those words caught the attention of international media and most of them rushed to juba before they were ordered to leave the country, Mama you spoke as a nationalist who cares for the citizens of the Republic of South Sudan, you spoke as a mother and above all a leader who would want to treats her citizens equally no matter their tribes, religion, gender and individual social status.

During your interview you also put your life into risk by accusing the government who was perpetrating all these crimes and injustices you were talking about, Mama Rebecca, you are not just a leader or a nationalist but a HEROINE and a role MODEL to the current generation too. You have given us hope when the situation was worst, you raised our heads when we were down, you told us South Sudan belongs to all 64 tribes when some of us thought that the owners of the land claims their ownership, you cried with us when nobody was at our comfort, you disagreed with people who claims to love you most when we were bullied, you resigned from the government when our wives, sisters and daughters were raped by government security agents, you went to exile when our brothers were forced to eat a human flesh because of their ethnicity, you told us that Nuer community did not happened to be part of South Sudan by chance but God planned it for so long to put you there because it is through this community that South Sudan one day will enjoy the freedom and the beauty of our co-existence in this Republic, Mama through your talks we realized that it was not the entire Dinka community that planned to kill and finish the entire Nuer community who was residing in Juba but a few who felt insecure as their political graphs were at the declining stage and refuses to make a personal observation but decided to killed innocent citizens who were after their daily casual jobs routine because the government cannot provide them decent jobs despite the facts that most of them were graduates, others came to the city to seek education as the same government cannot provide schools in their villages, others were in the city for medical reasons because the government cannot provide health facilities so the entire population was coming to town as oppose to late Dr John vision ‘’TAKING TOWN TO PEOPLE’’. We held the government and its intelligent responsible for these 20,000 lives which were massacred in Juba within less than five consecutive days and justice must prevail.

Mama as a scholar and a patriotic citizen of our republic, I believe that humanity is the centre of our political ambitions because leaders aspire to leads their fellow human beings and as much as we intend to kill the people we lead, our legitimacy and integrity disappeared in the eyes of the public which is why everybody calls for president Kiir to leave the presidency so that apologies are prepared and reconciliation take the stage. Reconciliation and apologies will be and must be the two interchange words for our society to fully reconcile because at some point we made one another pains so much and unless we acknowledge that we owe each other an apology it will take some time to trust each other but I believe in few years to come tribe will just be an identity for the issuance of citizenship and a mean for equal representation in our public institutions.

Mama Rebecca you were truthful, factual and vocal on the issues when the situation was at its worst peak and it is time we individually and collectively acknowledge that patriotism and talk about it publicly, it is true that age is just a number but ideas compounded with nationalism are resourceful and educative.

The author is a Sudanese from the South Sudan and these are my personal views and opinions, in case of any query contact me on This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

It is 2014 Folks, not 1991

By Job Kiir Garang


August 7, 2014 (SSNA) -- It would take a lifetime to heal someone who is blind in the brain than someone that is optically dead. History has not been on the better side of ours, as far as South Sudan is concerned. It is what a layman would say “the past is the only way forward”. “Our Heroes did it and we just have to finish some pieces of the remaining puzzle”. Sadly enough for me and for most of us, the world is growing smaller and smaller into an archetypalvillage and that kind of mindset does not apply anymore. It is time to be honest. Some paths might be considered uncharitable and I agree with the many few out there. But it is always sensible to look around and analyze whatever paths you have been through. Did you try them? Where they worthy of trying? If yes, what were the outcomes?  Many would agree with me that Dr. Garang’s times were probably the better years for most of us that were lucky to be alive till today. However, those sweet years gone by have led to a breed of South Sudanese with fixated mentality. The mentality, that shamelessly echoes in silence that the leadership of that immature nation is “ours”. By ours, I mean the “dinka’s”. It is this same mentality that has dwarfed us eternally or so it seems.

And if we do not wake up as a separate generation from the one that passed, we will be the stereotypical Somalis, the Rwandese, the Iraqis, the Bosonians, the Kosovans, the Serbs, the Afghans and the list goes on. The world is watching.

In the early 2000s, a group of Bar-el-Ghazal political hustlers led by Majut Yak coined the, today, famous phrase (at least among them):  “Garang down”. Sadly for most of us and luckily enough for them, they won the lottery. Dr. John Garang died unceremoniously. The ululations were and still are ingrained on their lips. The results are there for most to see: fat bellies, private homes/land everywhere, wastage of national treasures or resources, tribal governance etc.  Enough for our taking! Another shadowy group came out from the abyss of what we all thought was the very enemy of ours: Khartoum. Led by Chan Reech Madut, they held a belief that Dr. Garang was the biggest tyrant to have led the people of South Sudan during the arms struggle. When they set foot in the region, their transition into Kiir’s government was bread and water. They naturally clicked with some of the most misleading presidential advisors in the shape of the likes of Telaar Deng and their concerted hustling efforts have led to the worse post-liberation bloodshed in the history of that country. Very sad!

Right now, these shady old guards, most of whom left Canada after Kiir became the president are now filthy rich: self made millionaires who got their wealth at the expense of lives of the innocent majority. Their wealth is now their shield. They shed no blood while every civilian who had nothing to do with this nonsensical power struggle dies by the numbers. You could sense some celebratory tone in their silent voices when the president first declared that the group of 11 accused of orchestrating the, later dismissed, coup were to be killed by firing squad. Riek and his cohorts fortunately escaped unscathed and it was a breath of fresh air when the president had to swallow his own vomits and declare them innocent.  The bottom line is Kiir is a failed leader. A lot of it can be blamed solely on his own utter failure. He surrounded himself with people that are not only selfish and greedy but very thoughtless.

For the president, he decided to dump all the people that he had been through thick and thin during the war against the Khartoum regime and replaces them with nothing but greedy, thoughtless, uneducated bunch of groups that did nothing but threw the country under the bus for their own selfish gains. If we consider people of the South as brethrens, why were the votes by the people of Abyei ignored when they overwhelmingly chose separation? Not a voice was raised in their recognition. As a matter of fact, the president precisely depicts himself as contradictory and to say the least; a dishonest hypocrite. When the Machakos agreement was signed in 2002, Kiir vehemently argued that If Abyei was to remain in the Northern side, he would rather have preferred to go back to war and when they chose to be autonomous by an overwhelming majority, he (the president) decided to remain silent. Either he did not have the balls to do so or he probably was stuck in the mindset that we have come to get accustomed to over the last 9 or so years i.e. maybe some dinkas are more  important that other dinkas or tribes. Archaic mentality!

Anyway, without being too wordy, my view point is that we are caught up in a web of political cul de sac. A view that a certain section of the political demographic seems to think that the leadership of that country is somehow inheritable and that if anyone out of their tribal league flexes their muscles in their attempts to run for that higher seats, they are branded as traitors and rebels. You are only safe if you exude the SPLA/M PPROCLAMATIONS backed up by some tribal favours or affiliations.  That is what we have turned into: a sad reality of our time. Dinkaism. This is the true fingerprint of our utter failures and unless we change this sort of mentality, we can only see not beyond our toe fingers. I am sure most of my dinka brothers who are complaining right now would still be doing so if the person in opposition to authority or, to put it right, those that were thrown overboard by the current dictatorial self-made oligarchs were some of the fringe or smaller tribes. Someone once said that people are inherently resistible to change. It is even worse to them if the person in question is one that does not have his hands utterly clean. This is true in the case of Riek Machar and sadly for most of us, the story is told over and over again with the emphasis that he should not rule without looking at the situation from a multilateral viewpoints in relation to the kind of political doses we have been offered over the few years we have been independent as a country. The complaints are now ringing the loudest because the person in the limelight happens to be Dr. Riek Machar Teny.

It is true that for the leadership we have in South Sudan, we can dig into the woodwork and unearth a better leader than the two we have right now. However, the sad reality is that that option does not exist. It is like looking for a dislike button on a facebook. It does not exist. Unless someone comes up with that option, that is what we have got. In my last article, I happened to have described Dr. Riek Machar as the “ultimate Messiah”. It vexed a certain section of the blogosphere: mainly my brothers from my side of the tribal divide: DINKA who still hold, and god knows when they will drop them, the grudges of the 1991 political upheavals in which some thousands were killed by “Riek” forces. Was he entirely responsible for every person that died that year? Maybe! The forces were on his side and anyone would say he was and still is guilty by association. However, all I am saying is it is about time we turn the pages. My view is not bashing Dinka because I happen to be one. It might sound like an oxymoron but the reality is getting even clearer. The way the current government is operating is for everyone out there to see. Many extinguished people within the Kiir administration were targeted and dismissed. However all my harsh critics and especially from Twi East failed to make a comment or a recognition that those that were sacked were Twi going by the numbers although we have people from other tribes. I have never heard a complaint from anyone although am sure some might have done so silently.  

Dr. Lual Achuek Deng, Rabecca Nyandeng, Malok Aleng, Atem Yaak Atem, Atem Garang Kuek, a close friend of his (the president): Dr. Majak Agoot and even including our MP who pretended that the ”government is our government”. Some of the hardworking people like Philip Thon Leek and the likes of Makuei Deng Majuch were also at the end of the whooping by this current administration. Makuei by the way is a hard worker than Achuil Tito who claimed he would hold the chief of police post better although he has absolutely no credibility.  Once he was given the post, he became richer and powerful for absolutely no reason.

I am a proud dinka but at the same time I am a concerned one. The few aforementioned people represented especially by Mr. Kiir Mayardit have brought shame to the WORD DINKA. And the disappointing part is that there are people within my own circles who think that I am just against them. That is not true and I surely will never be against anyone except when what you are doing is contrary to the visions laid forth by our forefathers: Garang being the exemplary one. Riek is the best alternative for me and in my opinion; many kids in South Sudan will be left behind in all aspects of life if Kiir remains our president for as long as he wants. Wake up and let’s change that country into a better one!

The author is a former master of sergeant, former SPLA/M Medical assistant (MA), and currently an Industrial Safety Inspector in Edmonton, Canada. He can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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