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Conversations with Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule about a Blueprint for South Sudan Part 1

By Margaret Akulia, Canada

“I am convinced that the present calamity which has profoundly destroyed confidence among South Sudanese can be relieved, not by any form of inclusive or broad based government to the satisfaction of those whose objectives in the final analysis are simply positions in government, in the short run, but by crafting the best “system” of government which will satisfy and live up to the aspirations of our people in the share of power and wealth and the proper governance of their own states, in the long run”.

September 2, 2014 (SSNA) -- Those were the words of Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule. He was referring to the lawlessness in South Sudan that morphed into genocide on December 15, 2013. The one that has eroded the confidence of South Sudanese in a country that held so much promise when it became an independent state on July 9, 2011. He was also referring to individuals who are only looking for positions in government and not the welfare of all South Sudanese when they push for their version of federalism and a so-called inclusive and broad based Government of National Unity. That is why he insists that the best and only system of government that will guarantee peaceful co-existence in South Sudan is one that comes about through an all-inclusive negotiated settlement by all South Sudanese stakeholders. Not one that is forced on the people of South Sudan with a gun to their heads by the genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly!

Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule is advocating for a properly formed, properly interpreted, properly understood and properly implemented federal system of government in South Sudan. This is because he takes a firm stand that it is the only version of federalism that will be sustainable in a country like South Sudan where tribalism runs amok and tribal association has become a death sentence!

Simply stated, South Sudan is now at a crossroads and the right path to take is a Blueprint that is negotiated by all the people of South Sudan. One that they can debate openly without a so-called democratically elected government infringing their right to security of the person and free speech as echoed by a number of South Sudan academics. It is by promoting open debate on a federal system of government as encouraged by Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule that all South Sudanese will own the outcome and guard it with their lives. Genocidal Salva Kiir or the genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly in any of its variations cannot and should not be the ones dictating the terms for such a debate because both parties still have to account for their crimes against the people of South Sudan and against humanity individually and altogether!

S. Sudan academics call for free debate on federalism


In his Blueprint for South Sudan, Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule makes a case for a three tiered form of federation that comprises the federal government at the top, the state government in the middle and the local government at the very base. He suggests that the component parts of the South Sudan federation be the three former provinces or regions of “Bahr El Gazal, Equatoria and Upper Nile” and invites unimpeded discourse about the pros and cons of his suggestion.



“The three former provinces or regions would come together to form their Federal System of government by their own agreement, rather than it being brought to them ready made”, Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule asserted, to underscore the necessity for genuine agreement which can only occur through the all-inclusive negotiated settlement he has full confidence in as opposed to an agreement obtained under duress, with either a gun to the head or the threat of harm!  

“The component parts then agree on the powers to be given to the Federal Government representing them all”, Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule continued as he expanded on his unwavering point of view about a properly formed, properly interpreted, properly understood and properly implemented federal system of government in South Sudan that is negotiated by all South Sudanese stakeholders and not just the gun totting genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly! The only version of federalism that will be sustainable in South Sudan because it involves all the people of South Sudan coming together to dialogue about the advantages and disadvantages of Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule's suggested federal layout, how to improve it if necessary so that it can work for all South Sudanese and their friends or why it should be discarded if it is deemed unsuitable.

“They also agree on the powers to be allocated to the components themselves which the federal government cannot encroach into, just as the powers “Enumerated” to the federal government are considered exclusively within federal jurisdiction”, Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule clarified, to underscore the critical need for unquestionable trust between the three tiers of the federation he is suggesting. The one that comprises the federal government at the top, the state government in the middle and the local government at the very base.

“There then comes an area of powers called concurrent powers which are exercised by both the component parts as well as the federal government” he points out. It is a fact that is well known and treasured in successful federations such as the United States of America, Nigeria, Russia, Canada and Switzerland to name just a few. These countries provide solid proof that federalism is beneficial for citizens because the top tier is not jam-packed with scoundrels as is the case in Salva Kiir's so-called democratically elected administration in South Sudan!

“I believe that not only through such an approach can we create a sustainable concrete model of government capable of solving our social, economic, political and cultural problems and ending the present on-going calamitous conflict, but also guarantee lasting peace, security, justice and equality for all our suffering people”.

There are many “trump cards” in the foregoing statement by Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule but the emphasis on sustainability underscores the necessity for the “all-inclusive negotiated settlement by all South Sudanese stakeholders” that he recommends. It also alludes to solving problems using a bottom up approach and establishing an actual democracy, not a twisted version. A government of the people, by the people, for the people, not the current top down archaic monocracy being forced on a people who lost so much during protracted wars as asserted by Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule in “Introduction to Conversations with Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule about a Blueprint for South Sudan” when he introduced the history of the struggle for democracy in South Sudan.  

“During a more than fifty-year freedom struggle, our fore-fathers and ourselves had committed ourselves to a struggle for liberty, dignity and the welfare of our people. This in a nut shell is the concise vision statement of the broad objectives and aims of our struggle against a savage and brutal Arab imperialist dictator”.

When people own a government and solutions, they guard both with their lives that is why it is critical for the gun totting genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly and all South Sudanese to heed to Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule's counsel for a negotiated settlement.

“Federalisms as systems of governments are formed when two or more of its component parts combine by agreement (or covenant) to create a system of government called a federation, with the top authority above them referred to as a Federal Government” continued Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule as he resumed the intricate task of properly defining a system of government that clearly means different things to different people in South Sudan! It is an impaired mental state that gives new meaning to the adage “everyone needs to be on the same page”. That is why it is critical to have the “all-inclusive negotiated settlement” urged by Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule so that everyone is on the same page and the federation that arises comes about by agreement (or covenant) as expressed by him in his position paper and not by force.

Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule is confident that in spite of a long list of grievances and marginalization, the calamitous and barbaric ethnic war that has engulfed South Sudan with extreme consequences can be brought to an end through an all-inclusive negotiated settlement by all South Sudanese stakeholders. However, that cannot come about as long as there is a genocidal president at the helm!

Stay tuned as Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule continues to dispel the totally misunderstood and misappropriated idea of a federated South Sudan. In particular, he makes a case for a non negotiable competent Federal Government which is known by various names around the world.

“At the top of the federation therefore is the Federal or National Government or even the Union Government, which last name would fit us best in South Sudan due to the almost total disintegration of confidence amongst ourselves at the present moment”.

“The Union Government has competence and exclusive jurisdiction over those “Enumerated” powers which only the Union Government must have, central among which are the army and national defence, direction of the economy, foreign policy, currency and coinage, banking, inter-state trade, foreign trade”.

“The allocation of powers must be done by the states themselves, voluntarily and with no feeling of being coerced into conceding those powers. Our Interim Constitution is a case in point, when the government simply forced it down everybody’s throats without complaints, and accompanied by the threat, or use of force. This situation cannot take place in the process of creating a federation, in accordance with the definition of Federation above”.

“On the other hand, powers allocated to each of the component parts or states must not be seen to be handed down to them by some superior power acting with authoritarianism as is also the case with our Interim Constitution. The feeling that states always accept their portions of powers under duress must be eliminated in the minds of those who are entrusted with the business of negotiating federal constitutions for their people. It must be clear to all that both the Enumerated Powers of the Federal or Union Government as well as the Reserved Powers of the states must be arrived at freely and not by duress. Otherwise the idea of the component states arriving at the Federation by agreement is nullified”, Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule asserted in Legalese. He is acutely aware of the power of legal language and wants to make sure South Sudanese are not abused ever again through the manipulation and ill-usage of legal language! Simply stated, it will be vital for the lawyers who draft South Sudan's new constitution to avoid legal language that is intended for violating citizens' rights and maintaining tyrants in power. Simulating archaic kingdoms with pseudo kings spewing one dysfunctional decree after another as Salva Kiir has gained notoriety for must never be repeated in South Sudan.

“However, the necessity of a strong Federal Union has to be taken into account, as well as the realization of the need for a strong and viable state capable of achieving socio-economic, political and cultural progress; putting in mind that it is the state which is near the people, responsive to their needs and the one providing public service to them at the grassroots” Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule affirmed before expanding on his stand point.

“Therefore all powers needed for enabling the states to provide those services to the people and to achieve socio-economic, political and cultural progress must not be seen to be denied the states. It is the states which in the final analysis achieve the real progress in industry, commerce and trade, agriculture, science and technology, social, economic and cultural development, and therefore must have the powers necessary for accomplishing all that”.

“Likewise, the division or allocation of powers ought to be done without a sense of competition between the Union Government and the component states otherwise the necessary cooperation and harmony between them will be missed. This standard is necessary and must be followed also in the allocation of both the Concurrent and Residual powers”.

In subsequent parts of “Conversations with Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule about a Blueprint for South Sudan” he explains and offers opinions about concurrent powers, residual powers and local government powers. Here is what he had to say to expand on his standpoint about the necessity to strengthen local governments because they are closest to the masses of South Sudan and they are better positioned to become avid custodians in all areas and services they are fully invested in. 

“The third and last tier of this Federal status is the Local Government. Local Government has been one of the levels of government in South Sudan which is relegated to the periphery of governance in our country, throughout much of the history of local administration. It was the colonial government which laid its first foundation and the framework for its future development. Post-colonial independence governments paid lip service to the firm concept of local administration left by the colonial government. Yet more than 80% of the populations of our country live in the rural areas whose livelihood could be affected positively by the active presence of local government, or negatively by its neglect or absence. Local government is both an extended administrative branch of government and its active instrument of development for the majority of people in rural South Sudan. No development could be fully effected without the participation of local government and no system of government could ever consider itself complete without careful and purposeful integration of local government into both its administrative and socio-economic development plan. It is these considerations which make local government as a third tier or level of government in this Federation”.

In subsequent parts of “Conversations with Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule about a Blueprint for South Sudan” he also suggests a structure for a transparent, independent and incorruptible Judiciary and offers opinions about how to attain a capable, disciplined and professional judiciary fit for the job required of it and able to meet the aspirations of the people of South Sudan in maintaining law and order, keeping them safe and guaranteeing their rights especially security of the person. One in which the rule of law and due process are sanctified. Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule also tackles the army and many other areas consistent with and necessary to attain a properly formed, properly interpreted, properly understood and properly implemented federal system of government in South Sudan. He lists norms to be agreed on by all the people of South Sudan and he has this to say in the candor necessary to positively re-indoctrinate a lawless army comprised of fellow citizens!

“Of all the institutions of state which are responsible for the huge destruction of life and property, abuse of the rule of law, human rights, perpetration of all sorts of criminality, terrorism and coercion of the entire populations of South Sudan, the SPLA stands out tallest among the others. Much more, the current situation in the country has exposed the dangers inherent in an army made up wholly or dominated only by two ethnic groups to the exclusion of all the other ethnicities”.

“Such an army ceases to be national but immediately turns tribal and is thus prone to organized robberies and break-ins, corrupt practices, extreme excesses and crimes such as the wholesale massacres and genocides, as we have recently witnessed, in support of their tribal war lords”.

“The army must therefore not only be restructured, qualified and reorganized, professionalized, but must also be made national, representative of the many ethnicities and nationalities. Also importantly, the army must exhibit and show regional balance such that the three regions of Bahr El Gazal, Equatoria and Upper Nile must each be represented by a third of the total number of the National Army, together with its specialized components: Infantry, Tanks and Mechanized Units, Artillery, Air
Force, Air Defense, Engineering Units, Military Intelligence, Specialized Units, etc, etc.”

South Sudan has a great deal of potential. The masses are quite capable of digging it out from under the rubble through an all-inclusive negotiated settlement by all South Sudanese stakeholders as advocated by Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule. However, there needs to be a secure environment to discuss and debate the properly formed, properly interpreted, properly understood and properly implemented federal system of government in South Sudan that Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule is confident will usher in a model state.

Stay tuned for more “Conversations with Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule about a Blueprint for South Sudan”.


Margaret Akulia is co-author of the sequel Idi Amin: Hero or Villain? His son Jaffar Amin and other people speak. She brings to the South Sudan dialogue a multidisciplinary professional background including but not limited to “grassroots activism”. Additional information at: AND

Lul Koang and Philip Aguer: two symbols of lies and greed for power

By Kuir ë Garang

August 31, 2014 (SSNA) -- South Sudanese can sometimes be excused in many things because the country is new and its institutional strength is weak. However, it’s good to note that human beings are rational entities and being credibly logical is expected of everyone. Being rational doesn’t require a country to have been independent, or to have been a democracy, for centuries.

It has become apparent that neither the government of South Sudan nor the rebels under Riek Machar can be trusted. They all lie with a flamboyant blitz!

While the voices and faces that’re made to convey the messages in both camps are, to a given extent, mere vessels of the forces behind them, it’s good to note that spokespersons are not mere automatons. They are humans. They have to know that they are the conveyers and custodians of the horrors Dr. Riek Machar and President Kiir have brought to this young nation.

Philip Aguer Panyaang, the SPLA spokesperson and Lul Ruai Koang, the rebels’ spokesperson, act as protectors of President Kiir’s desire to remain in power as long as he wants and of Riek’s desire to ascend to power by ‘all means necessary!’

Colonel Philip Aguer Panyaang lies for the government in a very illogical and consistent manner. Brigadier General Lul Ruai Koang has a very imaginative lies processing capacity. All just for Riek Machar to get what he wants.

And to top it up with their don’t-care attitude, President Kiir and Dr. Machar don’t give a rat’s foot about the civilians. They’ll only sign the peace agreement if only they get what they WANT: POWER!

After getting what he wanted in the would-be peace agreement in Addis Ababa, President Kiir signed both the Cease Fire Agreement implementation matrix and the Agreement leading to formation of Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU). However, Riek refused to sign the agreement papers because the agreement put him on the receiving end. Machar only opted to sign the Cease Fire agreement implementation matrix. Well, now, the rebels are saying they didn’t sign the matrix but only that they recommitted themselves to the COH agreement signed on January 23 and reaffirmed on May

9. Who knows?

President Kiir loses nothing in this agreement. His door is open to take part in the next general election; he keeps he puppet, Wani Igga as his Vice President and also has an authority as to who is selected as the Prime Minister by SPLM-in-Opposition.

Riek Machar on the other hand has a difficult choice. If he chooses to be the Prime Minister then he’s illegible to contest the next general elections after the Transitional Period. If he chooses someone else to be the Prime Minister and Kiir still remaining the president, then his chances of winning the next election are close to impossible. Kiir would use his resources to make sure that he prepares the way for his re-election.

Riek is therefore in a tough spot and refusing to sign the agreement will reflect him as the one prolonging the war and this could open the way for sanctions against his group. Tough luck, doc!

To make the matters worse for Riek Machar, his commanders on the ground, the likes of Peter Gatdet, are not making things any easier for him.

Peter Gatdet, against all available human logic, warned UNMISS that he’d shoot any plane that passes through his territory. Now a UN chopper ‘crashes’ in the same area Gatdet controls. It would be logical to assume that Gatdet just fulfilled his promised. Even if the investigation is to still to be done for the cause of the crash to be determined, one can’t blame much the people accusing the rebels.

Would you blame the government for exploiting Gatdet’s mischievous warnings? Logically? No! Factually? Maybe yes!

The rebels need to control both what their commanders say and do. The rebels are shooting themselves in the foot.

This, of course, doesn’t mean the government couldn’t have done it. While it would be a wild imagination to say that the government forces shot it down knowing that Gatdet had said he’d shoot down UN plane, to set up rebels, it’s good to remember that the government forces control Bentiu and they are in the area and they’ve been recently involved in clashes with the rebels.

So why would it be the rebels that shot down the chopper (if it was indeed shot down) and not the government forces?

What the SPLA spokesperson, Colonel Philip Aguer said is what we always expect him to say: “They did it!” The same thing applies to the rebels. Rebels’ spokesperson, Brigadier General Lul Rual Koang, denied the accusation like he’s always done: “We didn’t do it!”

With such attitude of these two camps, how can one really expect South Sudan to be peaceful? It’s lies after lies and greed for power. Can one blame the two spokesperson? Maybe note! However, they have to think about their role in the current tragedy even if the lies they tell and the greed for power comes from above them.

Is anyone surprised that Kiir signed both documents but Riek didn’t? You’d be sleeping if you are surprised!

Kuir ë Garang is the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically’. For contact visit or follow him on Twitter @kuirthiy

A Critique of the IGAD Protocol on Agreed Principles on Transitional Arrangements towards Resolution of the Crisis in South Sudan

By Professor David de Chand

August 29, 2014 (SSNA) -- First and foremost of all, it gives me the pleasure, the opportunity and the privilege to a make a brief critique on the IGAD Protocol on Agreed Principles on Transitional Arrangements towards Resolution on the Crisis in South Sudan. I would focus on the main points of the Protocol signed by six (6) heads of state and governments, namely, Ethiopia, Uganda, Djibouti, Kenya, Sudan, Somalia), witnessed by Special Envoys for South Sudan, and the illegitimate President of South Sudan, minus the leader of the SPLM-in Opposition (SPLM-in-Op) Dr. Riek Macchar on 25 August 2014 in Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia.

Realistically, the IGAD has failed its duties, responsibilities and obligations entrusted to it by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and the Office of the UN Secretary-General, H.E. Binky Moon to address professionally, effectively and efficiently the root causes of the ongoing acutely and the aggravating situation in South Sudan. This critical and escalating civil war that has already involved genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, atrocities and other heinous crimes committed against humanity has not fully, honestly and legitimately tackled reasonably and more effectively in the course of the past eight (8) months of war and bloodshed and massive human suffering in South Sudan. The IGAD mediators have tried their best in dealing with the problem before us in South Sudan. Nevertheless, I think that they could have done much better in South Sudan crisis. It is now about time that African leaders must and ought to deal and to find durable, just and permanent solutions to African problems rather than looking externally to solutions on African problems. It is now about time to cut off “dependency syndrome” and the bureaucratic red tape to become more creative, assertive and critical in seeking solutions to pending African politico-military and socio-economic problems by African leaders.

There were demands presented a few months ago before the IGAD mediators as the roadmap to peace and conflict resolution and none of them remained unimplemented or unexecuted, unfortunately. These demands were as follows that:-

(1) The Dinka dictator Salva Kiir must and ought to step down from power and to turn over all the state powers to the governed as the final authority that all powers emanated from in any given nation-states. If and when Salva Kiir could do the aforesaid demand, the roadmap to peace would be clearer and smoother than ever before. Nevertheless, as long as Salva Kiir’s resists this demand, the roadmap to peace remains murky, grim and with no light in the tunnel.

(2) Immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all foreign forces from South Sudan-mainly- Ugandan People’s Defense Forces (UPDF), mercenaries and Soldiers of Fortune, Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) (Tarabora), South Revolutionary Front (SRF) and the SPLM/A-North (SPLM/A-N) and any other hired foreign forces and witchcraft men by Salva Kiir to commit genocide, massacres, mass killings, resulting in senseless lost of life, mass internal displacement and destruction of the socio-economic infrastructure. Reckoning, the gravity of the situation in South Sudan, the war cannot be permitted to continue amid the threats of war-induced-famine and further devastation, to end the war and to restore peace and political stability in Africa’s youngest failed state in South Sudan.

(3) Full explanation on the targeted Nuer ethnicity or nationality for genocide… as the gravest and the greatest crimes against humanity as declared by the UN Convention on Genocide adopted as the United Nations resolution 260 (III) A on 9 December 1948 and came to effect on 12 January 1951, and

(4) Formation of a Transitional Administration without the participation of the Dinka dictator and the murderer of child and woman Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar leader of the SPLM-in-Opposition.

(5) Unless the aforementioned have been diligently, effectively and efficiently discussed and concluded, the roadmap to peaceful and political conflict resolution in South Sudan looks grim, doomed and gloomed. There would be, of course, no peace in South Sudan if any of the preceded conditions have not been fully met as pre-requisites sin-qua-non to peace in South Sudan.

We would also demand from the Dinka dictator to provide as material evident of the alleged coup d’état attempt, which Uganda dictator Yuri Museveni stated loud and clear for the first time that “No coup attempt has occurred in Juba, saying what caused the crisis in mid-December 2013 was simply fighting between the Presidential Guards”. President Museveni further added that “Fighting erupted when Salva Kiir ordered the Presidential Guards Commander to disarm Machar’s Nuer ethnicity or nationality in Juba” that triggered the genocide against thousands of the Nuer nationality as a “final solution” in whole or in part. We would like to know in details from Salva Kiir the root causes of the probable cause of genocide against the targeted Nuer nationality as a “final solution” in whole or in part.

Based on my analysis, the IGAD mediators have failed their social responsibility in resolving the crisis in South Sudan. The Protocol signed encourages the escalation of the war rather than de-escalating it. Furthermore, the IGAD mediators have failed to discuss in full genocide that targeted against the Nuer nationality or ethnicity for extermination as a “final solution” in whole or in part on 16-17 December 2013 that shall be known hereinafter as the 2013 Juba Genocide.

Cognizant, that the IGAD has failed to adequately provide appropriate explanation, it has failed its duties, obligations and responsibilities as a regional organization significantly empowered under the UN Charter Article 52 to deal with regional matters for the preservation of international peace and security and the prevention of genocide. As consequence, the IGAD mediators give the Nuer nationality the green light to undertake committing the same genocide that targeted against more than 20,000 Nuer ethnicity or nationality in Juba alone as a “final solution” in whole or in part against the Dinka in the same pattern that it occurred on 16-17 December 2013 in Juba. Further genocide, senseless mass killings and massacres have been committed in Jonglei, Unity, Upper Nile and Bahr-el-Ghazel States. The Uganda Air Force (UAF) has used salvos or sorties internationally banned bombs such as cluster bombs, Napalm bombs, and the White Phosphorous bombs with side effects to human life and environment and the ecosystem in South Sudan.

Presently, the IGAD has given the Nuer people the green light to commit the same genocide against the Dinka as a “final solution” in whole or in part because the IGAD mediators have completely and totally avoided any discussions on this gravest and the greatest crimes against humanity. The IGAD should know that in the past we [the Nuers] have given peace a second chance to resolve the crisis in South Sudan through peaceful and political means. The UN Security Council and the Office of the UN Secretary-General that appointed the IGAD to mediate or to deal with this acutely and aggravating situation in South Sudan, should not be exonerated, but should be considered as part and parcel of the problem rather part of the solution. Let the world and the IGAD know that because it has failed to address the issues at hand, the Nuer nation and its resilient people shall pretty soon declare war on the Dinka in Bahr-el-Ghazel or wherever we can find them on the five Continents of the world at large. The IGAD mediators have failed to talk seriously about the root causes of genocide committed in South Sudan.

Assuredly, nothing would deter us to declare war against the Dinka nationality at any time, at any place and at anywhere until Salva Kiir would be defeated sooner rather than later is defeated whether he likes it or not, he would be defeated. The Dinka power elite if they wanted really to live, they must and ought to toss over the tables or to undergo social revolution or social renaissance against Salva Kiir Now and not tomorrow.

We have discovered that the IGAD countries because of vested special interests they have been directly or indirectly involved fighting in South Sudan war because the evident that we have gathered at the war front minus three (3) countries, viz., Ethiopia, Djibouti and Sudan have been overwhelmingly fighting the SPLM-in-Opposition and its affiliates united as two bodies, but one, fighting against the SPLM under the wing of Salva Kiir in Juba.

We have collected many military personnel identification cards from the foreign dead soldiers from the IGAD countries, vis-à-vis, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Somalia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Rwanda-Uganda-M-23 recently flashed out of the mineral rich Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo by the Congolese National Armed Forces (CNAF), including Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) (El-Adala wa Masawa) (Tarabora) led by Jibril Khalil, Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) (Nuba Mountains) led by Abdul Aziz El-Helou and the SPLM/A-North (SPLM/A-N) led by Malik Aggar in Southern Blue Nile (Ingessena). How could the IGAD countries less Ethiopia, Djibouti and Sudan be fair, honest and impartial in their decision-making as if they have been part of the problem rather than part of the solution?

We considered all these forces as well as everything that they used in the war against the Nuer have been as if they were been useless, hopeless, stupid, ignoramus, weak link and wicked Dinka. All of these forces would be fought by the ferocious and gallant White Army or theNaadth (Nuer) Defense Forces (NNDF) and the regulars rebel forces. In addition, we (the Nuer) would not hire any foreigner to come fight for us like the Slava Kiir and his tribal henchmen have done in this war. We shall and we will prevail in this war.

I shall conclude with a quote from the UK PM Sir Winston Churchill, said, he that “We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills, we shall never surrender”. In the same vein, we [the Nuer] shall defend the Nuerland and the Greater Upper Nile region, whatever the cost may be, we shall on the swamps, the grazing lands, we shall fight in the kraals; we shall fight in and around our villages, we shall fight in our bushes, we shall never surrender.

Firstly, the Protocol although given forty-five (45) days for the formation of a Transitional Government of National Unity (TGONU) has been rushed, smuggled to be drafted outside of the IGAD premises, it offers no best progress and no chance for peace, tranquility, national unity and national integration and reconciliation as the way forward. Unless the IGAD mediators spin or turn the clock backward to adequately and sufficiently address the root causes of genocide against the targeted Nuer nationality or ethnicity, the roadmap to peace and the TGONU would be imperatively impractical, if not impossible, to attain in South Sudan.

Secondly, failure on Salva Kiir to step down from the helm of power and to turn all the state powers apparatus to the governed, it would be unlikelihood that we could move forward, but we could move as if in a vicious cycle and in a snail speed to achieve peaceful and political conflict resolution in South Sudan crisis.

Thirdly, the lack or the absence thereof of withdrawal of foreign forces from South Sudan soil without any preconditions or quid-pro-quosas sin-qua-non to peace, reconciliation, cooperation and the way forward.

Fourthly, even if peace returns, South Sudan would be the same. It would always remain unstable, disintegrated and disunited. It has already become a failed state and unsecured state that is moving from being ungovernable, lawlessness, and rampant corruption and the insecured state is now moving from being stateless to statelessness.

Therefore, I highly suggest or recommend that South Sudan should be disintegrated because it has already been disintegrated compared to the Island nation-state of Cyprus that has divided itself into two (2), viz., the Greco-Cypriots on the Westside of the tiny Island nation of Cyprus and the Turkish-Cypriots on eastside of the Island nation of Cyprus and the case of the former Yugoslavia Federation that disintegrated into seven (7) nation-states in the Balkans. The Greater Upper Nile region would not return to Juba, but would govern itself as an autonomous region like Kurdistan-Iraq in northern Iraq and would eventually seek a political divorce from South Sudan. We shall utilize our resources for the great reconstruction awaiting us at the end or before the end of this long and protracted civil war in South Sudan.

Finally, Salva Kiir has failed the state and its people. Naturally, “He who cannot govern himself cannot be able to governed others or “Do not orders that cannot be obeyed” Therefore, he (Salva Kiir) should not continue to become the leader. He has to go, to follow or get the hell out of the way”. I shall conclude that “Unity”, per se, cannot be superimposed by force; it can only be achieved by understanding, consensus and consent”. This is raison d’être for the national disintegration of South Sudan that has been already disintegrated and started life in chaos like a child born with all the childhood diseases on the planet-Earth.

We shall and we will resist all forms of Dinka hegemony or anyone hegemony, ethnocentrism (tribalism), domination, oppression and exploitation in South Sudan. The US President J. Fitzgerald Kennedy, said, he that “The cost of freedom is always high, but Americans have always paid it. And one path we shall never choose, and that is the path of surrender, or submission”. In the same vein, based on the preceded quote from one of the world leaders and a Harvard University Graduate, we the Nuer nation and its people know that the cost of freedom is always high, but the Nuer people have always paid it. And one path we shall and will never choose, and that is the path of surrender, or submission. Alexander the Great, said he that “I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep; I am afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion”. It would be Salva Kiir and Paul Malong Awan to interpret the preceded quote.

Professor Dr. David de Chand, PhD, is the Chairman of the South Sudan Democratic Front Party.

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