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Why Detaining Dr Nyaba in juba?

By Peter Gai Manyuon

June 5, 2014 (SSNA) -- Since last year December 2013 up to date Dr Nyaba, had been under house arrest where his passports and other valuables things/items have been taken by the people who don’t want the progress of the Republic of South Sudan. He was detained in his house in Juba and all the people who were having the case with him were released especially those of Comrade Pagan Amum, Majak De Agot, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, and etcetera. The question is what is wrong with Juba Government?

Well, according to what the author of this article research and evaluated from the government of Kiir Mayardit in Juba, there is lack of not doing the right thing in the right place. And there is also too much bureaucracy, tribalism, corruption and nepotism in the system of governance that have lead to stagnant of politics in South Sudan.

Who can tell what kind of government is in Juba?  Is it the government of tyrants?

And if yes, what good mechanism can be put in place to restore back the dignity of South Sudanese? Absolutely speaking how can disable person like Dr Nyaba be denied his right of movement and expression in South Sudan? Is the world seeing the serious violation of the rights of people with disabilities in South Sudan going on? And if International Community and Regional bodies know about the disabilities right, why not them talking to the small dictator in Juba to release Dr Nyaba? Or there is interest behind the scene by all the groups? Was there agreement of giving Dr Nyaba has scarified by both the Government of Mayardit and SPLM in Opposition or eleven members who called themselves third block?

Basically, the issue of the Sudan People liberation Movement (SPLM) is not for Dr Nyaba alone rather was it personal or the game between the people with disabilities and so on? The author thinks it was for all the people that destroyed the people party to   tribal organization that is govern in a very disorganize way.

Hence without wasting time, the government of United States of America especially Secretary of State John Kerry who always goes to Juba, should question Juba government of releasing most of the former detainees and leaving behind Dr Nyaba who always needs medical attention sometimes due to his leg problem. What motivated the detaining or arresting Nyaba and setting free some of the members who also had very serious crimes then Nyaba?

Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) should look for ways to airlift Nyaba from Juba to Addis-Ababa for safety as well.   His being in Juba will not be good in the eye of most of the South Sudanese who are nationalists and patriotic.

The author is Independent Journalist who has written extensively on Issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan. He is reachable on This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Cheers for Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon and Boos for Salvatore Kiir Mayardit!

By Margaret Akulia, Canada

“I want to reiterate our commitment to the latest document we signed, which was a roadmap negotiated in Addis. We signed it not under duress — we felt that it was a compromise document. It did not meet all our requirements, but in peace you make compromises. So we did make compromises and we will continue — for the sake of peace — making compromises so that peace can return to South Sudan” continued Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon as Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta looked on admiringly!

June 5, 2014 (SSNA) -- It was obvious that Dr. Machar had scored considerable points with His Excellency Uhuru Kenyatta during a briefing at Kenya’s state house after Dr. Machar held face to face talks with the President about ending South Sudan’s first and last post independence war if the agreement Machar signed with Salvatore Kiir Mayardit on May 9, 2014 is implemented as Machar desires!

“And I want to assure you that we are serious in ending this senseless killing in South Sudan. I want to assure you that we support the cessation of hostilities, that we will respect the roadmap and that we will move forward together” Machar re-affirmed.

Well wishers around the world extolled Machar as a hero for publicly authenticating his commitment to the agreement he signed with Salvatore Kiir Mayardit on May 9, 2014 because they understood that such public ratification was assurance that Machar would do everything in his power to ally with the People of South Sudan in their pains to bring about sustainable peace through an interim government, a fundamental constitution and democratic elections! However, little did they know the depths to which South Sudan’s villains would sink to undermine the hard work that went into securing this decisive agreement!

“Please urgently note that we the UDF delegates to the IGAD talks were this afternoon prevented from boarding the Ethiopian Air Lines plane to Addis Ababa, where upon our passports were confiscated. The Chief Security Officer at the airport said he had orders to stop me from traveling anywhere. Please kindly convey this message to the IGAD Mediation Committee as soon as you can” read a heartfelt email from Justice Peter Sule, to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Office of the Special Envoy to the South Sudan Mediation Process.  

Justice Peter Sule had received a formal invitation from IGAD to participate in South Sudan’s vital peace talks in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa in his capacity as Founder and Chairman of the United Democratic Front (UDF) Political Party. He and a small number of South Sudan based stakeholders had been booked on a private Ethiopian Airlines Flight sent to Juba for the exclusive purpose of transporting the stakeholders to the imperative peace talks. The selected individuals were scheduled to depart for Addis Ababa on June 4, 2014 at 5:00pm local time but they were prevented from leaving by South Sudan’s tyrants!

Salvatore Kiir Mayardit is still the Tyrant in Chief of lawless South Sudan so it is plausible to assume that he is the one who ordered the Chief Security Officer at Juba International Airport to stop Justice Peter Sule and the other stakeholders from travelling to Addis Ababa for the decisive peace talks. Justice Peter Sule is an avid defender of all the people of South Sudan regardless of tribe and region of origin. Preventing him from participating in the negotiation of a transitional government of national unity as the Founder and Chairman of the United Democratic Front (UDF) Political Party is an outright violation of the Interim Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan and the agreement Salvatore Kiir Mayardit signed on May 9, 2014.

If the South Sudan Peace talks in Addis Ababa and IGAD’S credibility are to be salvaged, there needs to be swift action by the nations of the world to deal with this defiance and brazen challenge by Salvatore Kiir Mayardit. Anything less will be setting a very dangerous precedent in light of the fact that the tyrants are becoming more daring in obstructing the People’s wishes for sustainable peace and development, an interim government and Democracy by sabotaging the peace talks in Addis Ababa, “scheming” to protract their murderous rule and continuing to callously murder South Sudanese!

Needless to say, IGAD will also need to rectify the slapdash approach and legitimate concerns that compelled Elhag Paul to issue the stern rebuke ingrained in his article titled “IGAD on the issue of stakeholders”.



Margaret Akulia is co-author of the sequel Idi Amin: Hero or Villain? His son Jaffar Amin and other people speak. She brings to the South Sudan dialogue a multidisciplinary professional background including but not limited to “grassroots activism”. Additional information at

The ‘Federal System’ in South Sudan is not the solution

By Kuir ë Garang

June 5, 2014 (SSNA) -- Since SPLM-in-Opposition declared their preference for constitutional Federal System in South Sudan, there’s been a lot of heated debate by South Sudanese in the government, in the opposition, in the media and on the street. Understandably, the discussion pits those who support it against those who don’t support it.

While I don’t have any problem with the Federal System per se, I don’t believe it’s going to solve any of our problems now and in the future. It’s true that we need a complete overhaul of our political governance and social systems in South Sudan; however, we need to understand that for any systemic transparency to work, the leadership’s attitude, the citizen-citizen relations and the general understanding of power structure, have to change. As long as the leadership’s attitude and its perception of power and the country remain the same, it doesn’t matter what system we institute in South Sudan, we’ll always remain in a mess.

Unless we have both a good system and good people in leadership, things will remain the same: bad. A good system and a bad leadership or a good leadership and a bad system are all the same: bad!

We need to understand also that a Federal System will not auto-create. The constitutional provisions that will create and inform it will still need the cooperation of all the stakeholders in the country. It wouldn’t be a mere importation of foreign Federal Systems such as the one in Nigeria, Ethiopia, Canada, USA or any other federated governance system in the world. There has to be internal, idiosyncratic realities to be put into account.

Since power in South Sudan is concentrated in the hand of one man, the opposition see the Federal System as another way to clip the presidential powers.

However, I personally don’t think a Federal System is what we need now. All we need is a well-informed, broad-based and structured decentralization of power. What we have now is actually a form of a Federal System (even if it’s not constitutionally stated as such) as we have state parliaments and governments. It’s therefore important that state governments be given greater and functional autonomy.

This means that ministries such as Education, Agriculture, and law enforcement sectors should be given to the states. Besides, there should be no presidential and national government’s interference in running the affairs of the states; such as the removal of the governors by the president or the president being consulted by the governor on the appointment of state ministers.

State constitutions should have constitutional clauses or provisions on how to remove or replace the governors. Since governors are elected officials, they need to be removed in the same democratic manner by the state parliament as stipulated in the state constitution. And more importantly, there has to be a very well-regulated economic leeway for the states to create their own functional economic systems, internally and externally; nationally and internationally.

And as always in South Sudan, there are those who oppose the Federal System (taken at face value) because they assume the three southern states of South Sudan would use it as an excuse to bully residents of war-ravaged states just like what happened with the ‘Kokora’ in the 1980s. Given the attitude of the citizens in these three states towards citizens of other states resident there, the concern is not an empty claim.

The three southern states are relatively stable and have been less affected by war. Given the way the eastern states have been affected, some people see the Federal System as an unfair condemnation of the citizens of these states given the fact that the mess we are in wasn’t created by the citizens but by the same politicians who think they have a solution to the country’s problems. It’s therefore conceivable that citizens in the three southern states, who complain a lot about ‘occupation of their ancestral lands,’ would use the Federal System to get rid of residents of other states in their states.

But let’s not forget, as I mentioned earlier, that the kind of the Federal System to be instituted in South Sudan, should it become possible, will be informed by a new constitution. State-to-state relations, citizens’ travels and place of residence and the control over national resources will all be dictated by what is included in the constitution. Let’s not just assume that because Canada has a Federal System and each province (state) has absolute control over its resources to the exclusion of other provinces then such a thing is going to be the case in South Sudan.

Competing interests will be there at the constitutional drafting time. The technical aspects would not be as easy as we romanticize them. Each and every state will have to protect its interest by bringing to the fore social, economic and political generalities that favor them. In no way will the Federal System decent on us in exactly the way we want it.

We’ve already seen Vice President, Wani Igga, backtracking on the Federal System, which he favored in 2011 (and oppose now) just because Dr. Riek Machar favors it. And both President Kiir and VP Igga are saying that Riek isn’t the originator of the idea of the Federal System in South Sudan.

Wani claims Riek ‘stole’ the idea from ‘Equatorians’ while President Kiir says the Federal System has always been the demand of South Sudanese even before independence. True partly, because the idea was first proposed by the ‘Southern Liberal Party’ with Both Diu and Stanislaus Pasyama in 1953 and later emphasized by the ‘Federal Party’ under Ozboni Mondri and Father Saturnino Lahure in 1958. So technically, everyone talking about the ‘Federal System’ now is ‘stealing’ and a ‘liar’ as per the VP reasoning.

These leaders need to know that it’s irrelevant when it was proposed and who proposed it first. The most important question is: IS IT GOOD FOR SOUTH SUDAN NOW? IF SO, THEN HOW? IF NOT, THEN WHY?

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Kuir ë Garang is the author of ‘South Sudan Ideologically.’ For contact, visit or follow him on twitter @kuirthiy

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