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All the Dictators Die and the Power They Snatched From the People Will Return to the People

By Tor Madira Machier

September 10, 2014 (SSNA) -- A dictatorship is a form of a government where by the political authority is monopolised by a single person or a single political entity and exercised through various aggressive mechanisms.

At this juncture, I believe this definition may include the government of the Republic of South Sudan citting the way Salva Kiir exercises his political and military powers to consolidate the nation.

South Sudan is made up of morethan 63 ethnic communities, and these ethnic groups constitutes the country, and therefore, there is rooms for all the various ethnic communities in the country regardless of their minorities or majorities.

Each and every one of them enjoys as a citizen the right to elect and to be elected, expresses who he/she is and participates in all the political activities in the country.

Then,now there is need that all the races in South Sudan come to gather and uphold the nation and or come togather and embrace peace because no single tribe can move the nation foreward alone.

Now there is a wild card in the deck making people fearfull, because this unidentified element is a wolf in sheep's clothing who think his tribe’s men would keep him in this office he is holding, ignoring, oppressing, torturing and kills the people in the name of his tribe. This is called THE DICTATORSHIP.

Around the globe, many and many dictators’ reigns and passes away leaving behind the power they stole from the people and returns to the people.

Examples of these dictators emerged during the first and months before the Second World War, these were Italy ruled by a Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, and German by Adolph Hitler a Nazism dictator.

Also around the world some dictators still and emerges particularly in Africa. The government of Zimbabwe led by Robert Mogabe, a 90 year old Zimbabwian, Yoweri Kagutta Museveni in Uganda rules the people of Uganda with an iron fist and Salva Kiir Mayardiit which is the new born dictator to South Sudan in Africa are among them.

Mostly, the first two countries and other western nations I did not mentioned had experienced what we are going deeply to experiences today.

After being argued down by Dr. Riek Machar, Salva Kiir resorts to military acts to purges his main opponents led by Dr. Riek Machar within the party the SPLM.

But unfortunately, Salva Kiir added fuel to the flame. He made his own image which has already rooten worse by brutally killing his innocent Nuer people on which he was misled by his yes men. But after all these he has invitted his counterparts in dictatorship to fight against the will of the people of the Republic of South Sudan. But he has got it wrong because one day he will realise that all the ways lead to Rome.

In a very short period of time he will disappear when the people of South Sudan find another way to show him that we are the owners of the leadership you and your yes men enjoying today.

Tor Madira Machier is a South Sudanese student living in Egypt, he can be reached at: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

South Sudan: A nation of vendors

By: Sirir Gabriel Yiei Rut

SOUTH SUDAN has become a nation of “sellers”.

September 10, 2014 (SSNA) -- For one to survive — even if they are already in formal employment — they have to sell something on the side to augment their income. Although traditionally, this was an engagement confined to the low-income bracket, increasing economic difficulties in the country have seen even top-line managers establish various streams of income to ensure that they remain financially stable.

A survey by one of Newspaper recently established that several chief executive officers and managing directors were not content with relying on their salaries which they said were not enough to satisfy or meet their financial obligations.

These people constitute the 20% that are in formal employment, according to official statistics. Although the majority of the country’s low–income earners pocket between $150 and $500 per month, top managers earn an average of $14 000.

The Consumer Council of South Sudan (CCSS) says a family of six requires $559 every month to meet all its expenses.

Vending now a lifeline

Ipone Wani , an informal trader in Konyo-Konyo Market — a low-income suburb — sells various foodstuffs on the informal market which include sausages, spaghetti and chicken.

She also sews and sells sheets, curtains and bed-spreads from her home for a living.

Ipone said she buys sausages at 14 ssp a pack of 10 and resells them for 20 ssp for a single sausage.

She buys a box of 20 packets of spaghetti at 25 ssp and resells them for 45 ssp for two packets.

She said in a good month she can get as much as $100 profit.

“Uptake for the sheets, curtains and bedspreads is slow, but for foodstuffs like spaghetti, chicken and sausages it is always good as people need food all the time,” Ipone said.

Those not in formal employment like Ipone Wani were not the only ones who have turned to vending as formally employed people were also resorting to informal trade to augment their meager salaries.

South Sudan of Trade Unions (SSTU) chairman said the trend of vending will not end in the near future unless there is a revival of the manufacturing sector which is on its knees at the moment.

“This trend shows that there is no future at the workplaces. There are people who can go for six months without pay, but they will not abscond as the workplace is the market for their goods and services. Workers are now selling goods among themselves each day,” he said.

He continue saying workers have so far gone for years without salary increases so for South Sudanese, as enterprising as they are, the vending trend will continue for a long time to come.

A teacher in Fashoda , who declined to be named, said she was involved in cross border trading to Sudan from where she buys television sets, digital satellite TV decoders, radio sets, fridges and stoves for sale in the country.

“I normally go to Kosti or sometimes Khartoum on a Friday and spend Saturday shopping and come back on Sunday night ready for work on Monday. This has been my lifestyle since 2009. I get some 100% or 50% profit on some of these goods. I usually sell them over two or three months to customers,” the teacher said.

Several managing directors of companies in the country have also joined the “vending” train, although they play the game with higher stakes, raking in thousands of dollars through the sale of books, potatoes, chickens, meat, milk and other items.

A snap survey by Juba monitor showed that most top executive have farms and small companies they run as their other interests as a way of boosting their income.

One top executive in the capital told me that this was the way to survive in this economy because salaries alone are not sufficient.

“In the past top management never used to do other jobs on the sidelines, but now it’s the new trend. Many companies are not paying workers on time including the top management which makes it difficult to meet our obligations as individuals,” the executive said.

Some executives earn extra income through leasing out their properties and that has helped them on a monthly basis.

Skewed resource deployment

Research firm trade union said the economy was now “internalized”, implying that formal employment was now very low, therefore accounting for the increase in the number of people seeking several ways of bringing in income.

“Those people who are in jobs are not fully employed as they can do other things, meaning resources are not fully deployed. One’s work should make sure that your hands are tied,” Trade Union said.

The research firm said most companies were operating at 40% of their total capacity and that meant resources were not fully deployed.

According to the 2013 manufacturing survey, industry capacity utilization is at 39,4%. In 2013 a total of over 9 000 jobs were lost while many companies closed shop.

The retrenchment board has so far hinted that more closures will happen this year as companies fail to attract funding and the liquidity crisis continues to affect the economy.

The unemployment levels of the country are still at 1%.

Gloomy outlook

The SSTU has predicted a slash in workers’ wages, a development that is likely to see more and more formally employed people resorting to vending.

The country is showing little sign of a swift economic recovery in the next six months.

The prevailing harsh economic environment seems set to continue and force more firms to downsize during the course of the year.

SSTU secretary-general told our The Eye Radio recently that the continued decline in industrial performance pointed to a very gloomy year for the ordinary workers already battling to put food on the table.

Liquidity crunch biting

Many local companies have been struggling to pay their workers as the liquidity crunch afflicting the country bites deeper and deeper.

Government has failed to pay its workers on time, postponing the pay date by three days as the financial crisis tightened. Civil servants have accused their employer of changing pay dates, a move they described as unfair labour practice.

President Salva Kiir Mayardit’s SPLM – IN JUBA has failed to deliver on election promises of higher wages made last year.

The Finance ministry issued a statement recently, stating that it had moved the pay date from March 25 to March 27.

“Civil Service Commission advises that the ministry of Finance (Treasury) has moved the March 2014 pay date for the rest of the civil service from March 25 to March 27 2014,” Civil Service Commission secretary said in the statement.

South Sudan Teachers’ Association chief executive is on record saying they feared the government was likely to backtrack on its promises to award a salary increment this month.

“This forewarns of bad things that lie ahead for us,” he was quoted saying. “The government’s move has lessened our hope and trust that we will get a salary increment next month. It is apparent that the government will not increase civil servants’ salaries.”

South Sudan has failed since 2009 when it adopted the multicurrency regime to attract significant foreign direct investment (FDI) due to the $6.1 billion external debt overhung.

The country, since 2009, has not managed to record FDI close to $1 billion compared to its regional counterparts who have FDI of more than a billion dollars annually.

Executives join ‘vending train’

Several managing directors of companies in the country have also joined the “vending” train, although they play the game with higher stakes, raking in thousands of dollars through the sale of books, potatoes, chickens, meat, milk and other items.

Sirir Gabriel Yiei is the acting Chairman for SPLM Youth League in Egypt; you can contact him through his Email This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

South Sudan and Chinese imperialism

By: Sirir Gabriel Yiei Rut

September 10, 2014 (SSNA) -- I just wish I could educate South Sudanese that, as long as they continue to import cheap goods from China, they are effectively shifting jobs and employment to China.

If I were to become the President of South Sudan, one of my first decisions would be to rescind all deals done by SPLM-Juba with the Chinese.

I am disgusted and quite angry to learn that Petrol Dar, one of the biggest company operating oil in the both Bentiu and Palouch oil fields in greater upper Nile states in South Sudan, is 90 percent owned by the Chinese and 10 percent by the army and is clandestinely diverting huge oil revenues that effectively belong to South Sudanese.

How could we be so stupid to get into a relationship where the army merely owns 10% of a very valuable national asset? Interestingly enough, they are the very ones talking about how they will defend 100% indigenization of the corporate sector.

As far as I am concerned, the extraction of national assets and revenues from South Sudan by the Chinese is no different to Western imperialism that resulted in the underdevelopment of Africa. This time, we have Chinese imperialism happening with the consent and participation of our so-called liberators.

Our politicians continue to tell us how the imperialists want to destroy Africa and keep it underdeveloped, but right on our door step is de facto Chinese imperialism.

I think our liberation struggle political parties have been naïve to believe that looking east will create advantageous economic relations compared with the West. Personally, I have not heard of any African country which has developed rapidly because of the involvement of the Chinese.

Yes, they have built infrastructure in Africa, but the cost to our future generations is unimaginable. Their economic agenda is that of extracting as much wealth and value out of Africa as possible. It’s all about them.

I cannot believe it that, as South Sudanese, we have allowed the Chinese to ride roughshod over locals in almost every sector of the economy that they are involved in.

There are many disturbing instances reported, not only about the ridiculous quality of their products, but on how they badly treat workers in oil fields and how they boast that they are untouchable. In addition, their utter disregard of our environment is evident in Juba.

Remember that, despite China’s wealth, the Chinese are one of the most poor and rural populations in the world. Those who end up in Africa are not necessarily the best of breed there.

This was also the same pattern during colonialism, where Africa was the dumping ground of those who were escaping poverty abroad.

Chinese products that have flooded the South Sudanese market are certainly cheaper than local ones or those products imported from east African countries, but their quality and durability is atrocious. All one has to do is to walk around Juba shops and witness Chinese imperialism in action.

Our factories are closed and unemployment is high because we have allowed the Chinese unfettered entry into our markets and yet, worldwide, countries are protecting their economies and the livelihoods of their people from Chinese competition.

In my books, the Minister of commerce has the responsibility to protect South Sudan’s borders from unfair trade practices and cheap imports.

Unfortunately, South Sudanese consumers are also naïve participants in their own underdevelopment. Whatever happened to the Buy Local campaign? I wish I could educate south Sudanese that, as long as they import cheap goods from China, they are shifting jobs to China.

Of course right now, we have a fundamental problem in that, our factories are unable to meet local demand and prices are quite high due to the cost of capital. However, unless we protect our economy with a very aggressive local industrialization policy that builds local capacity; we cannot expect this economy to rebound.

Each day, I sit and think about the economic and social costs that have been caused by the ill-conceived policies of SPLM-Juba over the last couple of years.

From a land reform programmed that affected 2 million families and created serious food insecurity that South Sudanese could not feed themselves, to this conflict that affected more than 700 000 families to their disastrous monetary policy in 2011-2012 that effectively made every south Sudanese poor and now to the indigenization policy that will destroy viable entities and further discourage foreign investment which we desperately need, everything these black men have touched has been a disaster.

Now we have a case where, billions of US dollars that we need to develop our country are going to China on the pretext of fighting imperialism. That is unacceptable.

This makes me really angry because it is the poor south Sudanese that I see every day that are suffering while the chefs are getting fat.I shall definitely be writing a book soon on the underdevelopment of South Sudan by SPLM- Juba Faction in partnership with the Chinese, so that our future generations may know the truth and hopefully not repeat the same mistakes.

Wake up, South Sudan!

 Sirir Gabriel Yiei Rut, is the Current acting chairman for (SPLMYL) SPLM Youth League in Egypt; you can get Him through his Email This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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