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Wednesday, Apr 16th, 2014

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Should Salva Kiir still alive in 2020 and president altogether?

By Deng Turuk Liem

Worse still, Should Salva Kiir still alive in 2020 and president altogether, he will insist to seek third term in office as chairman and president

April 1, 2014 (SSNA) -- Facts concerned root causes and rapid escalations of current conflict in South Sudan have been libelously distorted by certain opportunists who dared to lengthy the courses for status quo as baseless, useless and tribal war. First, the war Freedom Fighters are fighting now, is neither a tribal nor to revenge unfolded mass-killings in capital Juba last year, as opportunists are taking it. Second, it is, however, a war to deter future genocides from happening once again in South Sudan, either from this or future governments, and most significantly to impose extreme democratic transformations and ultimate freedoms of all sorts, which are the fundamental causes the south Sudanese have fought for many years. Third, it is war that has imposed on South Sudanese by President Salva Kiir, and that, those subjects who are not keen to fight it on grounds of self-defense, must either surrender to dictator or wholly leave the country. It is a task that President Kiir has given to us, either to take it by surrendering to him, or stand our ground as citizens and face him militarily.

Predicamently, the next target citizens should be massacred by Salva Kiir government should it allows to get away with Nuer massacre, trashes to dustbin Dr. Riek Machar, the most reformist and indisputable sole champion of historic self-determination that indispensably paved way to final destination for South Sudan independence (2011) and SPLM colleagues, and continues its ruling as legitimate government, will be a tribe that its member opts to challenge President Salva Kiir in SPLM party top post. For example, if Wani Igga opts to challenge Salva Kiir in 2020 party national convention to be SPLM flag bearer for presidential election as top senior member and hails from Equatoria region. Therefore, the Bari tribe from central Equatoria will be the next prime target.

Remember this fact, Dictator Mugabe of Zimbabwe was 82 years old the last time he ran for presidency. The age issue is not a matter for African dictators. A one can even governing the nation in his grave through spouse or offspring if allowed to do so.

If Salva Kiir still alive in 2020 and president altogether, he will insist to seek third term in office as party chairman and president. Should James Igga empties his stomach, tie’s belly and fully declares to challenge Salva Kiir for SPLM chairmanship, as Dr. Riek Machar and his colleagues did in 2013, so that the winner will be flag bearer in national presidential election. Salva Kiir will, therefore, manufacture another self-inflicted fails coup attempt against Mr. Wani Igga as he did in 2013 against group of senior SPLM leaders who vowed to challenge him for party chairmanship should a party national convention took place, and then to massacre Bari tribe or all Bari speaking tribes in central Equatoria state as he did to Nuer tribe in 2013. That business will continue even after the death of Salva Kiir as one from his Dinka tribesmen, the tribe that its members doomed with havoc illusion that they are borne to rule and not to be ruled, will take over and does the same political uncertainty to his/her political opponents, as well.

Most importantly, Nuer politicians were not the only attendees of December 6, 2013 press conference. There was a group of South Sudanese politicians from all walk of lives who attended that press conference for the benefit of group and not Nuer. Having said that, there were no logical reasons deemed appropriately to merely target Nuer Ethnic Nationality, if a press conference was an extreme triggered of coup suspicion. The killings would have been carried our universally, if they were sincerer instruments to handle such unfolded political crisis. When Nuer reacted to a targeted massacre against their community members by government agents and took serious retaliations around the country, the opportunists had called it a baseless, useless, or tribal war, and invented ills against Nuer Ethnic Nationality that it members had been pursued on Juba streets by their government agents like wild animals wanted to be executed for food. Their citizenship values was reduced to nothing and subjected to harsh treatments and killings.

What had happened in Juba last year, is an irresponsible act from power thirsty politician in Salva Kiir caliber to initiate massacre of unarmed civilians because one of their tribespersons, was challenging him for the top post in the party leadership. Those mass-killings of unarmed Nuer wouldn’t have surfaced even if Dr. Riek Machar indeed committed a military coup to overthrow government because Nuer would have nothing to do with it. The case would have taken against Dr. Machar and political colleagues who might have involved in a coup plot business, if evidently approved. Half of those who had been massacred in Juba by criminal Salva Kiir’s tribal militias through his order, were his diehard supporters. Those who thought they painted themselves with disdain president’s name alphabets; therefore, they would not be killed, then relaxed and exposed oneself to murderous presidential guards of Doot Koch Beny tribal militias.

Criminal has never be forgiven or protected. Salva Kiir is the utmost criminal who had massacred his own citizens based on tribal grounds for something that didn’t fit the situation. Worse tills, he bought foreign mercenaries using country resources, brought them home and killed his own citizens, as matter of fact, he will lengthy his tenure in office as president. Are these horrendous acts committed by Salva Kiir serves or lines up with typical qualifications and president’s fiduciary responsibility? He must go whether he likes it or not. Foreign soldiers can never defense a foreign land for two years against it owns citizens. UPDF had already failed to secure a victory for Dictator Salva Kiir and his tribesmen. IGADD will also falls in suit if it will deploy army to fight directly on government side and that will make East African Bloc fails miserably both politically and militarily to bring conflict to an end. From the point it deploys troops, its neutrality will be questioning and the opposition will have rights to look for either African Union or United Nation to mediate warring parties to bring conflict to an end.

Freedom Fighters are not fighting for Dr. Riek Machar to be president, if he will be president as result of this conflict, it will be because he is innocent person who works harder to reform SPLM and government of South Sudan into democratic institutions. We are fighting to make it abundantly sure that, be it cruel Salva Kiir, Wani Igga and the list goes on and on, must not kill any given citizen in South Sudan because his like, is looking for the top seat in the land, and the democratic principles are genuinely realized.

Portrayed opposition/democratic forces as cruel Salva Kiir’s like, is indeed a libelous misrepresentations of facts against the good cause to liberate South Sudanese from tyrannical regime. We are fighting to get rid of sufferings which have been the daily business in South Sudan for the last nine years. All South Sudanese are in fact vulnerable victims to Salva Kiir’s regime premeditated politics and policies put forth to govern the South Sudan. The freedom will not come to us alone in a golden plate. If we will not fight to get it, therefore, no other people must step in and do it for us. We need it, therefore, we must bring it home not in a golden plate, but through hard struggles and difficult challenges, and loss of lives is at the peak of these challenges.

We, in Democratic Forces/Freedom Fighters, are vehemently graceful for the tremendous task we have been doing for the fundamental cause to bring tranquilities and pure democratic transformations to all South Sudanese include illusionists who are doomed with negative impressions and hopes that they are borne to rule and not to be ruled. They will be ruled in their watches and nothing else they must do to avoid it, but to accept it likes other South Sudanese brothers and sisters who accepted it firsthand to be ruled by anyone who deemed fit to lead the nation at that particular moment and time.

The opportunists must refrain from negative views of distorting facts, but to joint up with true democratic fighters and discuss issues with substances must recuse our country from its total demise. Let push the dictator out along with his Loin’s share mentality and democratically elect a different person who can lead us with twenty first century ideas of economic, political, personal and properties rights to all given citizens in the country.

The author is South Sudanese and freedom fighter, living in the United States. He can be reached @ This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Isolation of South Sudan Civil Society Will Bring Gaps in the Peace Process

By Peter Gai Manyuon

March 31, 2014 (SSNA) -- There have been a lot of debates and confrontations from the Juba government about civil society participation in the peace process in the Ethiopian capital, Addis-Ababa. Partly, there are some individuals within Government of South Sudan who do not want full participation of the civil society working groups due to what is best known to them and when you look internationally and regionally, civil society’s role is fundamental; that is put as a number one priority among the countries that claim to be called democratic nations globally. But for the case of the Republic of South Sudan, I am confused because the work that civil society has exerted for a long time since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005, the Referendum process in 2010 and the declaration of the independence of the Republic of South Sudan on the 9th of July 2011. Civil society’s role and responsibility has never been acknowledged in one way or the other by Juba government.

Highlights about civil society in South Sudan

Civil society in South Sudan for the last two years has moved to the all ten (10) states of the Republic of South Sudan collecting views of the citizen on how the constitution of the Country should be amended. They started the program in 2011/2012 and accomplished collecting views in 2013, respectively. The work was carried out by the South Sudan Civil Society Resource Team on the Constitution. Hence, according to what I have noticed, only the validation process, compilations or computation of the finding, recommendations and giving feedbacks to the Community in various states is what has remains so far. Reflecting on the sensitivity of the ongoing crisis and the peace process in Ethiopia, will you say civil society cannot participate in the process and they are doing the needful to the entire republic? If civil society will not participate in the mediation and negotiation process, who will be the right body to point out the rights and the wrongs things that are affecting the people of South Sudan in particular?

Well for the case of South Sudan where dictatorship, corruption and tribalism are the mission and vision of the regime; things have turned upside down.

Sometimes, it seems like the government of Juba have not research about the goodness of having civil society working groups in the Country.

Therefore, after I have learned about the comments and reactions from some concern people about the civil society involvement in the negotiations and mediations processes in Ethiopia, I was very happy but after some government officials reacts and said, civil society should not be allow in the peace process, I was very shocked and get discouraged at the same time. More interestingly the person who came out verbally and said civil society should not be allow was the current spokesperson or Press Secretary of the President of South Sudan, Mr.AtenyWekAteny, who was one a senior activist who criticize the government in various meetings and conferences in Juba. 

Realistically on the one hand, civil society is more vibrant and dynamic than ever, with social movements emerging in different parts of the world and in spontaneous, online forums on issues ranging from civic participation and women’s rights to corruption. Politicians and private-sector leaders are recognizing civil society as an essential ingredient in an effective, stable democracy and as a vital contributor to innovative development solute but for the case of South Sudan is not. The question is,is South Sudan not part of the world? And if yes, what make the government of Juba to complain about civil society participation in the peace process in Ethiopia?

Furthermore, to be part of civil society, groups must meet some other conditions as well. In a democracy, civil society groups have respect for the law, for the rights of individuals, and for the rights of other groups to express their interests and opinions. Hence since then, civil society in South Sudan are in far front advocating for the welfare of nation building, respect for the rule of law and democratization processes.

Roles and responsibilities of civil society

The first and most basic role of civil society is to limit and control the power of the state. Of course, any democracy needs a well-functioning and authoritative state. But when a country is emerging from decades of dictatorship like South Sudan in particular, it also needs to find ways to check, monitor, and restrain the power of political leaders and state officials which I think South Sudan is inclusive in this context. 

Civil society actors should watch how state officials use their powers. They should raise public concern about any abuse of power like what is happening or manifested in Juba. They should lobby for access to information, including freedom of information laws, and rules and institutions to control corruption, and that is what the civil society in South Sudan is doing and the government does not appreciates the importance of its for a Country which has just been exposed to the world. This constitutes a second important function of civil society: to expose the corrupt conduct of public officials and lobby for good governance reforms. Even where anti-corruption laws and bodies exist, they cannot function effectively without the active support and participation of civil society.

Another function of civil society is to promote political participation. Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) can do this by educating people about their rights and obligations as democratic citizens, and encouraging them to listen to election campaigns and vote in elections. Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) can also help develop citizens’ skills to work with one another to solve common problems, to debate public issues, and express their views. And therefore, many civil society organizations in South Sudan are really working with the entire citizen of the Country up to date and the government is looking at the civil society as opposition which is not the case.

Meanwhile, civil society organizations can help to develop the other values of democratic life: tolerance, moderation, compromise, and respect for opposing points of view. Without this deeper culture of accommodation, democracy cannot be stable. These values cannot simply be taught; they must also be experienced through practice. We have outstanding examples from other countries of NGOs especially women’s groups that have cultivated these values in young people and adults through various programs that practice participation and debate.

Another interesting issue is, civil society also can help to develop programs for democratic civic education in the schools like Universities as well. After dictatorship, comprehensive reforms are needed to revise the curricula, rewrite the textbooks, and retrain teachers in order to educate young people about the crimes of the past and teach them the principles and values of democracy which should be address now in South Sudan. This is too important a task to leave only to officials in the education ministry. Civil society must be involved as a constructive partner and advocate for democracy and human rights training.

In a develop world, civil society is an arena for the expression of diverse interests, and one role for civil society organizations is to lobby for the needs and concerns of their members, as women, students, farmers, environmentalists, trade unionists, lawyers, doctors, and so on. Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and interest groups can present their views to parliament and provincial councils, by contacting individual members and testifying before parliamentary committees. They can also establish a dialogue with relevant government ministries and agencies to lobby for their interests and concerns. South Sudan government is too bitter about the roles and responsibilities of civil society. What a nation?

And it is not only the resourceful and well organized who can have their voices heard. Over time, groups that have historically been oppressed and confined to the margins of society can organize to assert their rights and defend their interests as well. 

Key recommendations

Both the government of South Sudan under President General KiirMayardit, Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) in opposition, the inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and International Communities should allow civil society to participate in the peace process because civil society are the voice for the voiceless and therefore; they must be given a space in dialogue to bring back peaceful co-existence to the South Sudanese people because without involvement of the civil society working groups there will be more gaps in the peace process.

Civil Society themselves should delegate members to represent them in Addis-Ababa, people who are very well informed intellectually, morally and has a good negotiation and mediation skills in them not just opportunists who lack intellectual dynamism in them as persons. The delegation of civil society should compose of high profile civil society activists who have got experiences in strategic communications, Public Relations, diplomatic approaches and people who cannot be manipulated by money.

Because some times, in negotiation there is bribing that sometimes lead to crossover.

Conclusively; I want to stress that civil society is not simply in tension with the state but civil society is independent of the state doesn’t mean that it must always criticize and oppose the state. In fact, by making the state at all levels more accountable, responsive, inclusive, effective and hence more legitimate a vigorous civil society strengthens citizens’ respect for the state and promotes their positive engagement with it.

The author is Independent Journalist and Columnist who had written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan. You can contact him through; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . He is writing a book on tribalism and corruption in South Sudan context and soon will be in market for sale.

Why Equatoria supports an Interim Federal Government and a Federal Constitution

By Col. (Rtd). Wani Tombe Lako Lokitari

March 30, 2014 (SSNA) -- Whether people like it or not, Equatoria is always the political game-changer in the politics of South Sudan (SS). Those who argue that Equatoria must become an innocent and unconcerned spectator; while history, and the political roadmap, of SS are being redone, are gravely mistaken. Others must not confuse the protection of their constitutional posts, with commensurate financial and other privileges, with the selfless struggle for the comprehensive interests of the downtrodden and poverty ridden peoples of SS.

There are some Equatorians, holding constitutional posts, and other menial constitutional jobs, in the presidency, the states, and other ministries in Juba, who think that, because they are happy as individuals and families, and therefore, by implication, the rest of Equatoria is also happy. These detached Equatorian constitutional and other post holders, in the Sovereign Republic of South Sudan (SRSS), are, but, selfish others.

The gallant women, men and youth of Equatoria, in the Diaspora and in the SRSS, must understand that, it is grossly misleading, to jubilate, for being placated, by a mere appointment of some inward looking handful of Equatorians, into the said constitutional and other posts, in the SRSS. This placation is then peddled as genuine participation of the peoples of Equatoria in the administration of the SRSS.

When men and women, take up constitutional posts, and treat them as run-of-the-mill jobs, then, society must begin to look for some better men and women, who do not treat the said posts as run-of-the-mill regular jobs. Constitutional posts are service delivery jobs to the masses of the peoples. Constitutional jobs are not for earning a living. Those who want to treat constitutional jobs as income generating activities must look for other professional jobs, or go into business in the private sector.

The notion and practice of constitutional post holders; looting government assets, and then, conspicuously demonstrating these looted assets, to us, the public, in the form of fancy powerful vehicles, jewelries on their wives bodies, tall buildings that they built in Juba, or brothels, and pubs, or bars, that, they built in Juba, or the various fake companies, that they set up, with Somalis, Ethiopians, Ugandans, and Kenyans, as symbols of personal success, are some of the reasons, why, we must have a federal system of governance in the SRSS, so that, each region, can closely monitor their own political traders. Federalism shall help us in Equatoria, in carrying out political winnowing, in order to separate the political chaff; from political grain.

Federalism based on the three former regions of Equatoria, Upper Nile and Bahr El Ghazal, shall give us the chance, in each respective region, to prune the mushrooming of accidental quasi-leaders, who have been rammed down our political throats, by various political and social developments of the last three decades in SS.

Genuine federalism shall allow us to keep these quasi leaders in the social and physical spaces where they historically and contemporaneously belong, so that, the rest of the peoples of Equatoria in particular and SRSS at large, can get on with the art and science of managing the SRSS for the delivery of the badly needed goods and services, to our gallant and down trodden peoples.

Genuine federalism shall allow us to protect the honour of our daughters, sisters, wives, mothers, aunts and grandmothers. In Equatoria, these female members of our society have been grossly and routinely emotionally, psychologically, physically, economically, financially, and sexually violated. The current system does not protect our women, and we are rendered helpless to protect our women against some others, who use comprehensive State’s privileges, to carry out their culpable intentions and conducts, against our women.

We in Equatoria are at the mercy of the current policing services in the SRSS because, the majority of the police forces are populated by others who do not emanate from our communities, and thus, they behave like an occupying force. It is commonplace knowledge in the SRSS that, the police force doubles as criminals at the same time. This shall not happen when the daughters and sons of Equatoria shall police their towns. They shall not double as criminals. They shall not kill their own people. This is a just reason for Equatorians to support federalism in the SRSS.

With federalism in place, there shall not be any reason why our daughters and sons, should not be the police commissioners, the prisons force commissioners, and all other security related commissioners. We shall do away with the current domination of our own local jobs by others from other regions. At the same time, these others also control their own regions as regards the said positions. What kind of a system is this? What kind of an existence is this? How can you, in Equatoria, say that, you are in fact, and at law, effectively and efficaciously, participating, in the administration of the SRSS?

The current administration of justice in the SRSS is utterly defective, partial, and abusive. We need federalism so that we can administer our own judicial institutions. All level of courts shall be run by our own daughters and sons throughout Equatoria. These are our own daughters and sons who understand their own customary laws throughout Equatoria. These are our own daughters and sons, who know and respect our cultural value systems throughout Equatoria. These are our own daughters and sons, who have no intentions and moral capacities, in the administration of a discriminatory judicial system. We shall save our women and men, from being sent to the death row, simply because they are Equatorians in the SRSS. 

With federalism, we shall have equitable representation in the army of the SRSS. We shall then, therefore, have our daughters and sons, in the military and other intelligent outfits in the SRSS. This shall put a stop to mysterious disappearances of our medical doctors, engineers and such like. This shall protect our lives and dignity from those others, who do not value humanity in the SRSS. You Equatorians must fight to death for the establishment of a federal system in the SRSS for your own and other peoples’ dignified living in the SRSS. 

Equatoria has the will, the capacity, the knowledge, the skills, the experiences, the attitude and the outlook; to produce its own food; and produce food for the other regions. In fact, Equatoria  can produce food for export. However, with the current system in place, all these productive characteristics of Equatoria, as land and peoples, are being frustrated and undermined, to the detriment of everybody in the SRSS; not just to our own detriment in Equatoria. Therefore, we need federalism to be able to save ourselves from definite comprehensive underdevelopment.

With the current system in place, Equatoria shall not have the time, the freedom, the right, and the space to use all its prime agricultural lands for the production of badly needed food for all mouths and stomachs in the SRSS. We in Equatoria have been reduced to constantly protecting our agricultural lands from marauding nomads, armed to the teeth, by the government in Juba. This is not a life that shall lead us all to prosperity in the SRSS. We need to federate, to even save these marauding nomads from definite future famines.

Our educational system is in tatters. Our higher education is being undermined by unscrupulous policies including the appointment of tribal vice chancellors to run our universities. Federalism shall allow us to reform our universities in Equatoria for the benefit of all peoples of the SRSS. We need the intellectual space to concentrate on managing these technical institutions. For God’s sake, presidents all over the world do appoint academic secretaries of universities. We need to quickly save the SRSS from these laggards in Juba.

We need federalism to save our young women and men; and youth in general, from being wasted in Equatoria. From 2005 to date, the young women and men, and youth of Equatoria have been systemically marginalised. If we allow these processes of discrimination against our young women and men; and youth, to go on unchecked, then, we must forget about positive life chances of our posterities.

If we allow these injustices to continue, our young women and men; and youth, shall turn into women and men, who shall be the janitors and street cleaners; and workers in menial jobs and various handymen and women in the SRSS. Is this what these three governors of Equatoria want? Is this the democracy that these three current governors of Equatoria are on about? Is this how they think all is OK in Equatoria?

We in Equatoria need to work together, with those others; in the SRSS, to urgently form an interim government and then proceed to write the federal system into our permanent constitution during the period of this interim government. Therefore, you the young women, men; and youth of Equatoria, in Diaspora and in the SRSS; your futures are in your hands, not in the hands of these three governors of Equatoria, who seem to think more about their jobs; via the continuity of President Kiir in office; rather than about your futures in the SRSS.

Therefore; to bring all of the above changes in place, you need the political and security spaces in the SRSS. The current government in Juba does not care about all of the above issues raised. The current government plus these three governors of Equatoria think that, when we raise these issues; as the ones raised above, we commit treason. How can one be a traitor if one is literally telling the government in Juba to provide security and goods and services to the deserving peoples of the SRSS?

How can our concerns be rubbish according to the governor of Western Equatoria when we are saying all of the above because we love the peoples of Equatoria? How can what we are saying be rubbish when we are saying that, our women should not be abused? How can what we are saying be rubbish if we are telling the government that, we do not want tribal police to kick in the doors of our peoples at night in Equatoria; because, they want to violently rape our sisters, daughters, wives, mothers, aunts, and even grandmothers? Or, they kick in these doors because they want to robe what valuables are there to be robbed? How can all these concerns of mine be akin to the concerns of a traitor? Who is a traitor in fact, and at law?

Juba has been a killing field for years under the watch of the current governor. What did he do to stop this serial killing of Equatorians in Juba and other places and villages in Central Equatoria? He completely did nothing. Whole Madi villages and towns have been forcibly settled by political settlers from Jonglei and Bahr Al Ghazal. What did the governor of Eastern Equatoria do? He completely did nothing. Whole Acholi villages and towns have been forcibly occupied by the same groups. What did the governor of Eastern Equatoria do? He completely did nothing. Same violations have happened in Yambio. What did the governor of Western Equatoria do? He did nothing.

Equatorian Chiefs are hunted and murdered like common criminals. The case of the Madi Chief is one of many sad examples. What did all these three governors do to stop their citizens being hunted down and murdered? All these current three governors did nothing to protect our peoples from systemic displacements and murder.

Therefore, should we just sit there, and wait for whatsoever these other peoples, want to do with us, and with our land; simply because, our current governors say that all, is OK; and they are behind President Kiir come what may? Does the mere keeping of President Kiir in power shall return our stolen land, and provide legal remedies for hundreds and thousands of law suits which are pending because we have no lawyers of our own to protect our comprehensive interests judicially? Is this what these three governors want us to do? Just to follow them; just because they are they; and nothing more?

These three governors of Equatoria ought to understand that, we are not their chattels. We are not their property so that they can have absolute control of use and exchanges values over us. We are sovereign peoples of the SRSS, and we have sovereign rights to reject peacefully or by use of force; any rulers who cannot protect us; and have turned into tyrants; and killing us in cold blood. These three governors represent themselves not the entire interests of the peoples of Equatoria. They can say what they want to say. After all, they are cronies of President Salva Kiir.

The author is Chairman of Greater Equatoria Council of Rights (GRECOR).

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