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Friday, Nov 28th, 2014

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Exclude Salva Kiir from power; or else the masses will continue to parish at his perilous mists

By Mayian Tot

November 27, 2014 (SSNA) -- Since December 15th 2013, South Sudan has been at war with itself –and by far, it continues to be a battlefield’s graveyard’ –embroiled in a dangerous perilous, characterised by wholesale destruction, massacre and ethnic cleansing.

These abyss state of affairs are brought about by the tyrannical authoritarian dictator who wield absolute power and has since abuse these constitutional vested powers dangerously. Only to misrule, mismanage and plunged South Sudan into this bedevilling perilous.

Instead of upholding national interest, service delivery, good governance, promoting democratic values as the core foundations for nation-state building by allowing democratic spaces to exist so as to conducts free and fair leadership competitions within the SPLM, initiating reforms within the governmental institutions to fight these grand-scale corruption, widespread land grabbing and mitigate insecurity etc.  

Rather, the tyrannical dictator descended the nation into bloodletting and brutal violent supported by Uganda’s forces, JEM, SPLA-N among other mercenaries and individuals militias as are the only means to prolong and maintain his authoritarian dictatorial grip on power and to retain an ethnic-dominated regime.

Salva Kiir, together with his regime’s collaborators and the so-called born-to-rule elites are using state machineries’ and brutal violence to maintain an ethnic control regime of their [own] and a nation-state dominated by themselves and for their own benefits.

These ethnic elites control and dominate all nation-state’s vital institutions. They control the government and all the strategic military positions such as Minister for Defense, Minister for Interior, military’s intelligent, and Army chief of general Staff among others. These state's powers of the said strategic military positions are used by the elites and their collaborators to institutionalise violence. 

They brought foreign mercenaries’ and allied with local militia, thus engineered to exterminate the Nuer people and to subjugate, marginalise and dominate other ethnic groups by the barrel of guns. 

Of gross human tragic, this tyrannical regime in Juba is a creator of brutal violent. It continue to survive on violent, and is maintained through the applications’ of vicious violent. Unleashing itself as a butchering machine –for South Sudanese to exterminate themselves. 

Since December 15th to date, Innocents Nuer civilians, women, children, men and the aged’ became the first causality and the main victims to the ongoing conflict. Other ethnic groups are also dragged into the perilous  mists through their militia allegiances, monies, proxy and divide and rule tactics’.

Therefore, for [a] meaningful peace to be realise, this authoritarian and dictatorial regime in Juba must be destroy completely. Its machineries must be lay to waste and its system burn-down to ashes. Because its system constitute a curse to South Sudanese people. Since December 15th 2013, its policies continue to rest on wholesale destruction and brutal violent.

South Sudanese masses ought to understand that any peace proposal that allows Salva Kiir, the chief architect of the December 15th Nuer Massacres to leads the Transitional Government of National Unity is an open invitation to more death and destruction. 

The current bedevilling conflict that continue to devastate many innocent lives is of his creation.

Before its onset in December 15th, Salva Kiir frustrated and curtailed all avenues for free leadership competitions, democratisation and meaningful reforms within the SPLM ruling party. Rather then allowing democratic values to take roots in the SPLM and indeed throughout the nation-state’s institutions. Instead, he opted for bloodletting and ethnic cleansing.

In 2013, Salva Kiir mobilised, recruited and trained a 15,000 private army of personal militia mainly from Greater Bahr el Ghazal. These militia forces he later armed and deployed to Juba under the guise of [Presidential Guards] and are, mainly responsible for December 15th door to door ethnic massacre in Juba.

Salva Kiir dictatorial reign continue to sow unimaginable sorrow, death and destruction to innocent people of South Sudan, and to bestow him with enormous executive powers to leads the IGAD propose Transitional Government of National Unity –South Sudan would continue be a tragic death graveyard.

Repeatedly as stated before, this dictatorial regime in Juba survive on violent and has made South Sudan territorial integrity into a regional graveyard. Uganda's mercenary forces are brought to partake in the perilous mist as well as the Sudanese mercenaries such as JEM, SPLA-North etcetera.

South Sudan nation continue to stand at a dangerous cross-road facing many dangerous perilous ultimately because of incompetent leadership.

Diseases are threatening, hunger is looming and ruthless impunities are perpetrated. All these are but tragic realities. 2 million civilians have been displace as refugees to the neighbouring countries. While 96,708 civilians are currently being protected by UN peace keeping force in various UNMISS Camps and their general conditions are dire and appealing. 

Justice, freedom and equality will never be attained and realise so long Salva Kiir remain in power. Only, these horrendous impunities will continue to persist. The root causes to the conflict will not be address. Wrongdoers and perpetrators to December 15th will never be brought to book and the issue of justice and accountability will never be touch.

Ostensibly, any IGAD proposal that seeks to put Salva Kiir at the driving seat to leads the Transitional Government of Nation Unity with all the powers conferred on him by the said proposal and in conjunction with the Transitional Constitution of this nation shall accelerate and fuel the cycle of violent and bloodletting.

Kiir must be excluded from wielding enormous executive powers. Reduce him to ceremonial president or else the masses will continue to perish at the perilous mists of his creations.

To make it plain then, any peace proposal that seeks to retain the current system in Juba is not acceptable and must be treated as such. Because, South Sudan, under the incompetent leadership of Salva Kiir, is a complete bedevilling nightmare and a regional battlefield graveyard. It’s a nation of have and have not, and a nation with no development and instead, the state’s resources are plundered by state’s official ruthlessly, grand-scale corruption is at its peak, land grabbing is widespread, security sectors are repressive, parliament is rubber stamp and national army are used for lynching and to perpetuate massacre and ethnic cleansing.

With such incompetent leadership at the helm, peaceful coexistent will never prevail. Instead South Sudan will continue to be a war theatre, a regional proxy battlefield and a death ground.

Therefore, the struggle must continue to dismantle this tyrannical dictatorial regime and liberate the masses.

Mayian Tot is reachable via This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Nations are not Built by Whiners

By Kuir ë Garang

November 23, 2014 (SSNA) -- South Sudanese still have, by and large, a very long way to go when it comes to development of a unifying, enduring sense of nationhood or statehood. As things stand now, we are merely a collection of tribal nationalities with conflicting interests.  In the past, our only unifying factors were our common struggle against the oppression from Khartoum and the fact that we were enclosed by the same geopolitical boundary set by the colonial dividers of Africa in 18th and 19th centuries.

The gravest onus is now on us to create a sense of ‘South Sudan-ness’; an identity that’d make an Acholi of South Sudan identify more with Zande of South Sudan rather than with Acholi in Uganda. This is by no means an easy task; however, it’s a task we’ve neglected in vain search for tribal voice and hegemony. We’ve become a nation of whiners, who offer nothing by way of alternative solutions.

Whining, polemics and acrimonious writs have become our source of solace. We keyboard divisive pomposity and verbosity that make us feel good about ourselves but at the end of the day contribute towards the divisiveness the same writing was supposed to combat. With no doubt, this has become an oxymoron that typifies what it means to be a South Sudanese; an that’s a sense of self we wouldn’t want to be our defining identity.

Everyone in South Sudan has become a whiner!

The President of the country and his officials have become nothing but a bunch of whiners, who believe everything that’s wrong with South Sudan isn’t their incompetence but a work of some evil man called Riek Machar. The officials whine about international community favoring rebels, about UNMISS siding with Riek’s forces, about journalists siding with rebels, about IGAD’s impartiality, about the venue of the ‘Peace Talks’ and about everything!

Respectable leaders don’t just whine incessantly. They only point out all the obstacles and problems they face and then rush to suggest workable solutions and alternatives. If these whiners say anything as an alternative, it’s always something that benefits them. South Sudanese citizens only feature as pawns in the leaders’ quest for power and wealth.

The rebels, who present themselves as a clean alternative to the government, are nothing but another bunch of the same: opportunistic whiners. They whine about President Kiir remaining president, about IGAD’s partiality, about government atrocities while forgetting their own atrocities, about Nuer marginalization when Nuer still stand next to Kiir and fight against fellow Nuer who are part of government’s forces, about dictatorship when they were part of the same system they just left…etc.

If the rebels think they are a formidable alternative to the government then why is it that we only hear the problem stalling the talks being the issue of power-sharing? Why is it the question of who’s to have what powers that’s the problem? Why’s anything in the interest of the citizens taking back stage?

We’ve seen so far what the rebels are! They’ve whined their way from complaints about internal reforms within SPLM to their claim on South Sudanese echelons of power. For the rebels to be seen as credible voice fighting on behalf of South Sudanese citizens, it has to be clear at the talks that they represent the people.

And South Sudanese tribes have mastered the art of whining. The Jieeng whine about Nuer being prone to violent rebellion and Riek Machar being the ultimate killer while forgetting the atrocities committed by a government controlled largely by Jieeng men. Jieeng’s self-righteousness has a lot to do with everything that’s wrong in South Sudan.

Nuer too complain about being marginalized by the Jieeng while Nuer officials still hold senior positions in both the government and the rebellion. The third most powerful man in South Sudan, Magok Rundial, the current speaker of the national assembly, is a Nuer. While hundreds of Nuer civilians were brutally massacred in cold-blood by government’s forces in Juba in December, it’s always prudent to remember that Nuer forces, let by the notorious White Army, have also committed atrocities. There’s respect in accepting one’s wrongs before labelling accusations on others.

One of the arguments always floated around by Nuer is that the Nuer in Kiir’s administration are mere puppets and don’t have a voice. Well, it’s not the fault of the president if they allow themselves to be used like puppets. Where are these people’s morals?

And to top it all, ‘Equatorians’, as a sociopolitical collegiality for all the tribes in the three southern states of the country, whine of having been marginalized by the Jieeng and the Nuer despite the fact that the second most powerful man in the country is from Equatoria. The cabinet affairs minister, Dr. Elias Lomoro, is the forth in government hierarchy after the Vice President, the President and the Speaker of the national assembly.

And now many Equatorians, even the Vice President himself, believe that the question of the VP position in the transitional period is an attempt to marginalize Equatorians. And the VP argues that it’s not about his job while he’s repeatedly warned that he’s not going to resign this time around for the sake of Riek Machar. Using Equatorians to safeguard a job is base!

I don’t want to sound naïve. I understand that there are junior Jieeng officials in Kiir’s administration, who are more powerful than some senior government officials from other tribes. However, we have to remember that the problem lies with the officers, who allow themselves to be subordinated by subordinates. Why see oneself as a subaltern in an administration in which you’re not? Why can’t these officers confront the president? Why can’t they speak on behalf of South Sudanese and straighten things out? Why are these officers afraid of the president even when what they would say would benefit the country?

There’s a clear difference between whining and criticizing the government. Whiners are fond of badmouthing without offering any workable alternatives. Criticisms are excellent mirrors to conscientious leadership, however, to merely whine without offering alternatives and to show the government that the current path is wrong, is a waste of time.

Many non-Jieeng officials subordinate themselves. They see Jieeng officers make bad decisions and applaud them only to claim self-righteousness when they are out of the government. It’s with no doubt that there are many well-meaning leaders from Equatoria and among the Nuer in the current government, who can stand up to President Kiir (behind closed doors) and advise him in good faith to help rescue the country. However, they are too timid and only think about their positions rather than their constituents and the nation.

We keep on blaming the Jieeng and the President but how about this: Why can’t all the Equatorians and Nuer officials working in the government threaten the President with resignation if he doesn’t change the country for better? The government would collapse in an instant if they resign on masse. However, they will never do that because they, like all South Sudanese politicians, care more about their jobs rather than the interest of the nation and South Sudanese citizens. (Watch the video commentary here)

So stop whining and see into it that what would change this nation isn’t vacuous whining and foul-mouthing but procurement of workable alternatives!

Kuir ë Garang is the author of “South Sudan Ideologically.” For contact, visit www.kuirthiy.info

Diplomats crossing to Opposition: What does it signifies to the World?

By Peter Gai Manyuon

November 23, 2014 (SSNA) -- In a diplomatic principle, Diplomats are understood to work in a profession that requires specific skills and capacities that not everybody has. Thus, their profession is widely accepted as an exclusive job with loads of privileges to assist its main duty to pursue national interests abroad. In a good sense, a diplomat is defined as “an official whose job is to represent their government in a foreign country.” In a cynical sense, a diplomat is often described as “an honest man” sent abroad to lie on behalf of his country.

According to the “principal-agent” theory of diplomacy, a diplomat is the agent who is assigned with certain tasks delegated by the principal. The principal refers to the state or those who rule the state and thus own the right to set the national agenda.

However, after the crisis emerged in Juba on the 15th of December 2013, some of the Diplomats that were representing the Interest of the Republic of South Sudan crossed to the Sudan People Liberation Movement in Opposition (SPLM/IO) under the Leadership of Dr. Riek Machar Teny and some of them have been replaced already and other are not yet replaced.

Surely, the crossing of the diplomats to opposition is a very big concern to the government because; some of the diplomatic relations that might not work well in this scenario will be regarded as result in the abandoning of the positions within government officials who were send abroad for special mission and they have failed to accomplish the tasks.

Moreover, some diplomats cross to the opposition in late hour due to looking for positions since the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) have proposed to the two warring parties of the conflict to form the Government of National Unity that will accommodate all the parties involved in South Sudan.

The crossing of former South Sudan ambassador to Geneva, Ambassador Lumumba Stanislaus and Henry Dicah Odwar, a former MP that have defected to SPLM/SPLA in opposition, as well provoked the diplomatic relations. What does it mean at this stage? And as well the defection of the deputy head of Mission of South Sudan to Ethiopia David Dang Kong that I crossed on the Media on Friday, what does it signifies at this movement to the people of South Sudan?

Well, for those who crossed to the opposition early in January 2014, they might have their own vision and mission that they want to accomplish in one way or the other but the question is, what of the one that are crossing now? Is it because they have smelled something coming out or what is interests behind? What information will they say to the opposition that will bring down the government when the current crisis and situation is almost to come to an end by God grace?

The Author is Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan. He can be contact on This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or www.independentjournalistpgm.wordpress.com. He is currently doing his Research for the award of his second Master Degree in Public Relations and Media Management on the Influence of Propaganda on Diplomatic Missions of South Sudan.

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